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A new question in the West-Wasserman Schultz feud: Where does West live?

Most of the she-said, he-said, back-and-forth between South Florida Reps. Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Allen West has been good for political theater but bad for fact checkers.

If you missed it, Wasserman Schultz — a Democrat — criticized West — a Republican — this week over his support for a plan to sharply reduce federal spending and require a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution. In a speech Tuesday on the floor of the U.S. House, Wasserman Schultz said the West-backed GOP plan would raise costs for Medicare beneficiaries, and that it was "unbelievable" for West to support it because he represents so many South Florida seniors.

West responded via e-mail. "Look Debbie … you want a personal fight, I am happy to oblige. You are the most vile, unprofessional, and despicable member of the U.S. House of Representatives. If you have something to say to me, stop being a coward and say it to my face, otherwise, shut the heck up."

See? Not a lot to check in either statement.

But as the debate ballooned into cable news drama Wednesday and Thursday, Wasserman Schultz provided an interview — and a sound bite — to CNN's Wolf Blitzer that had us scratching our heads.

Wasserman Schultz said she is West's elected representative to the House.

Blitzer stopped when he heard that. "So you're saying he lives in your district, he doesn't live in his own district?"

"Yes," Wasserman Schultz said, "congressman West is a constituent of the 20th Congressional District, but represents the 22nd."

To win a seat on the city council, you have to live in that city when you take office. To win a seat in the state House, or the state Senate, you also have to live in the district you represent. The obvious question is why would it work differently for Congress.

The U.S. Constitution, that's why. The requirements for U.S. House members are spelled out in Article I, Section 2: "No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen."

We're not sure why the framers loved all the negatives, but in other words: U.S. House members need only live in the state they represent to be eligible for their seat.

"Remember back in 1789, things weren't like they are today," said lawyer Mark Herron, an elections expert based in Tallahassee. "A state was a state. It was just a reflection of the times, and they tried to keep it as simple as possible."

The Roanoke Times recently identified a handful of House members who lived outside their district. And West is among them, it turns out.

The address of his Plantation home puts him in Wasserman Schultz's district.

West has owned up to this before. Amid questions over residency requirements for several South Florida lawmakers in 2008, West cited federal law to the Palm Beach Post and explained, "I'm a distance runner, and I even do my 5 to 10 miles mostly in District 22."

"The U.S. Constitution says only that a person must live in the state in which he is running for Congress," said West, then a challenger to Rep. Ron Klein. "But I'm not trying to hide where I live. Yes, I live just outside the district.

"They redistrict every 10 years anyway and what are you supposed to do, move all the time?"

We won't answer that. But on the matter at hand, Wasserman Schultz is correct that she can count West as a constituent. And it's okay, according to the U.S. Constitution. We rate this claim True.

The statement

Says that U.S. Rep. Allen West is "a constituent of mine."

U.S. Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Wednesday, in an interview on CNN

The ruling

West lives in Wasserman Schultz's congressional district, not his own. But it's completely legal. The U.S. Constitution only says members of Congress have to live in the state they represent. This claim is True.

A new question in the West-Wasserman Schultz feud: Where does West live? 07/21/11 [Last modified: Friday, July 22, 2011 4:23pm]
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