TALLAHASSEE — It now takes a unanimous jury to sentence someone to death in the state of Florida.
Gov. Rick Scott on Monday night signed into law a new requirement that raises the jury standard for death penalty cases from 10-2. The legal change was made necessary by a Florida Supreme Court ruling in October that found the state's sentencing laws unconstitutional.
The Legislature passed the new rules (SB 280) overwhelmingly last week. The death penalty fix is the first major law passed and signed in the 2017 session.
Florida joins most other states in requiring unanimous juries. Alabama still requires a 10-2 supermajority to sentence someone to death.
"Our goal was that the death penalty cases proceed in an orderly manner under a law that was constitutional," Senate President Joe Negron, R-Stuart, said last week.
Scott's signature also allows prosecutors to move forward with cases in which they plan to seek the death penalty. Uncertainty around the court's order in Hurst vs. Florida put a pause on new death sentences.
In passing the death penalty fix, the Legislature opted not to address the hundreds of existing death row inmates whose cases were decided under sentencing laws thrown out by the courts.
Rep. Chris Sprowls, R-Palm Harbor, a former prosecutor and the House Judiciary chairman, said he wanted to deal with this issue and left it up to the courts to handle existing death cases decided by a nonunanimous jury. Some of those inmates have already been granted a new sentencing hearing.
Just three lawmakers voted against the death penalty fix: Two House Democrats, Joseph Geller of Aventura and Robert Asencio of Miami, who oppose the death penalty on moral grounds; and Republican Rep. Blaise Ingoglia of Spring Hill.
His was a protest vote, Ingoglia said.
"With a unanimous jury, you need all 12," he said Friday. "You can have one activist and one vote and prevent the death penalty from kicking in."
Michael Auslen can be reached at [email protected] Follow @MichaelAuslen.