U.S. Rep. Joe Garcia's chief of staff abruptly resigned Friday after being implicated in a sophisticated scheme to manipulate last year's primary elections by submitting hundreds of fraudulent absentee-ballot requests.
Friday afternoon, Garcia said he had asked Jeffrey Garcia, no relation, for his resignation after the chief of staff — also the congressman's top political strategist — took responsibility for the plot. Joe Garcia took the action hours after law enforcement investigators raided the homes of another of his employees and a former campaign aide in connection with an ongoing investigation.
"I'm shocked and disappointed about this," Garcia, who said he was unaware of the plot, told the Miami Herald. "This is something that hit me from left field. Until today, I had no earthly idea this was going on."
Jeffrey Garcia declined to comment. He also worked last year on the campaign of Democrat Patrick Murphy, who unseated tea-party Republican U.S. Rep. Allen West. Murphy has not been implicated in the phantom-requests operation.
The Miami-Dade state attorney's office served search warrants Friday at the homes of Giancarlo Sopo, 30, Joe Garcia's communications director, and John Estes, 26, his 2012 campaign manager. Neither Estes nor Sopo responded to requests for comment.
The raids marked a sign of significant progress in the probe that prosecutors reopened in February, after a Herald investigation found that hundreds of the 2,552 fraudulent requests for the Aug. 14 primaries originated from Internet Protocol addresses in Miami that could be further traced. The bulk of the requests were masked by foreign IP addresses.
It is unclear if the requests from domestic and foreign IP addresses are related to the same operatives.
The Herald found that the ballot requests were clustered and targeted Democratic voters in Garcia's congressional district and Republican voters in two Florida House of Representatives districts, indicating a concerted effort by a mystery computer hacker or hackers.
Only voters, their immediate family members or their legal guardians can submit request absentee ballots under state election laws. Violations may be considered felony fraud.
None of the requests were filled because the elections department's software flagged them as suspicious. But had they slid by, campaigns would have been able to direct phone calls, fliers and home visits to the voters to try to win their support — if not attempt to steal the ballots from unsuspecting voters' mailboxes.
Friday's searches raised the specter of another crime in the already scandal-plagued election for Congressional District 26, which extends from Kendall to Key West.
The Herald found that the first batch of requests, which originated from at least two Miami-area IP addresses last July, targeted Miami-Dade Democratic voters in the congressional district where Garcia was running in the primary against Gustavo Marin, Gloria Romero Roses and Justin Lamar Sternad. Later batches targeted Republican voters in the two Florida House districts.
Garcia won the primary and later defeated incumbent Republican David Rivera in the general election.
Though Garcia bested Rivera by about 11 percentage points, and Democratic President Barack Obama won the district by about 7 points, Republicans still view Garcia as vulnerable. Three GOP challengers have already announced plans to run against him in 2014.
Last year's tumultuous primary resulted in a separate, federal corruption investigation into whether Rivera had ties to Sternad's illegally funded primary campaign. Rivera has denied any wrongdoing.
Joe Garcia said he will hire Coral Gables attorney William Barzee, a longtime political contributor, to investigate the phantom-ballot scheme internally and cooperate with prosecutors.
As communications director, Sopo received a salary of $12,744 between Jan. 17 and March 31, Garcia's congressional office records show. He was not paid by Garcia's campaign last year, though his company, GS Strategies, received $33,450 in 2010 when Garcia lost his congressional bid to Rivera. Sopo also worked on Garcia's failed 2008 campaign against Republican U.S. Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart.
In 2012, Garcia's campaign paid Estes $44,395 through his company, Estes Consulting. Between 2010 and 2011, he was paid $5,770 by the Florida Democratic Party.
A woman who would not give her name but identified herself as Estes' mother answered the door at the family's Westchester home Friday afternoon. She acknowledged that investigators had searched the house earlier in the day but said she did not know what law enforcement was looking for.
Neither Estes nor Sopo worked in the Republican primaries for Florida House districts 103 and 112, where voters were also targeted with the phantom absentee-ballot requests. It is unclear what, if any, interest they could have had in those races.
District 103 stretches from Doral to Miramar; District 112 from Little Havana to Key Biscayne.
The Herald found that 466 of 472 phantom requests in Congressional District 26 targeted Democrats. In House District 103, 864 of 871 requests targeted Republicans, as did 1,184 of 1,191 requests in House District 112.
During the primary, the campaign of Romero Roses, one of Garcia's rivals, raised concerns about odd absentee-ballot requests in the race.
The phantom requests were first revealed in December by a grand jury convened by Miami-Dade State Attorney Katherine Fernández Rundle to examine problems with voting by mail. Prosecutors said they could not track the hacker behind the requests because they were masked by 12 foreign IP addresses. But they had not obtained information showing three additional domestic IP addresses as part of their initial inquiry, due to a miscommunication with the elections department.
A day after the Herald brought the domestic IP addresses to their attention in February, prosecutors said they were examining the requests. At least two of them were in Miami. From the IP addresses, prosecutors may have been able to identify the mystery hackers' physical addresses.
Miami Herald staff writers Marc Caputo and Charles Rabin contributed to this report.