Make us your home page

Today’s top headlines delivered to you daily.

(View our Privacy Policy)

PolitiFact Florida: Nan Rich makes claims about state's economy, taxes

Nan Rich has been portraying herself as the real Democrat in the race as she challenges former Gov. Charlie Crist for the party's nomination to run against Gov. Rick Scott in November.

To that end, she talked about tax policy and Florida's economy at a recent speech before the Florida Press Association.

In response to questions, Rich said Florida's tax structure was too regressive.

"I think it's a regressive tax base, and when you look at some of the studies saying it's the third-most regressive tax base — I don't want you to quote me on that because PolitiFact may get me, I'm not sure if it's (No.) 3 — but I think there are things we need to do to make a more equitable and fair tax structure."

She also told the crowd of journalists that "tourism and retirees are the dominant economic engines in our state."

PolitiFact Florida decided to fact-check both statements.

Regressive taxes

Rich cited a 2013 report by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, which partners with Citizens for Tax Justice, a group that advocates for middle- and low-income families.

The report concluded that all states have regressive tax systems. It means that state taxes come more from the poor and middle class than from the rich.

The report measures property, sales and excise taxes paid by different income groups in each state in 2013 and concludes Florida is "No. 2 of the terrible 10" — the second-most regressive tax system in the country. (No. 1 was Washington state.)

"The No. 1 and No. 2 predictor of a very unfair tax system is not having a personal income tax of any kind and an above-average sales tax, and Florida has both of those things," said Matt Gardner, the institute's executive director.

The report found that for non-elderly taxpayers, the lowest 20 percent pay 13.2 percent of their income toward state and local taxes. Meanwhile, the top 1 percent of earners only pay about 2.3 percent of their income toward state and local taxes.

We rate Rich's statement Mostly True.

Tourism and retirees

We found no cut-and-dried answers to the question of which sectors are Florida's dominant economic engines. However, we did find evidence that shows tourism and retirees play an important role in the state's economy.

Rich relied on a 2014 report by the LeRoy Collins Institute, a public-policy group at Florida State University, titled "Tougher Choices: Shaping Florida's Future." It was written by professors Jim Dewey and David Denslow with the Bureau of Economic and Business Research at the University of Florida.

The report examines state spending, demographics and jobs. Among the conclusions is that "Florida's reliance on retirees and tourists comes at a price as the demands of older residents and tourists are disproportionately linked to lower-paid service jobs. … Compared to the rest of the nation, Florida has relatively fewer high-skill high-wage jobs and relatively more low-skill low-wage jobs, many serving tourists and retirees."

We turned to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis to look at real gross domestic product by industry in the state of Florida. Unfortunately, the data does not include "tourism" or "retirees" as an industry. The state's biggest generator of GDP is "finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing," at $161.8 billion. That does include some sectors relevant to Rich's claim, such as real estate purchased by retirees.

A Visit Florida spokeswoman told PolitiFact Florida that tourism is "the state's No. 1 industry" and generates 23 percent of the state's sales tax revenue and employs about 1.1 million Floridians.

However, when we asked what economic measures prove that tourism is the top industry, Visit Florida spokeswoman Kathy Torian said: "It's an aspirational statement rather than a scientific fact. . . . We feel that the combination of sales tax revenue, employment and economic impact from visitor spending make the case for the tourism industry."

We also interviewed four economists who generally agreed that tourism and retirees play a vital role in Florida's economy, though with some quibbles.

Bill Seyfried, an economist at Rollins College, said he'd prefer the term "important engines" rather than "dominant."

"Clearly, both tourism and retirees have strong impacts on the Florida economy — more than most other states — but the state economy is becoming more diversified as evidence by deeper integration with the global economy, which is likely to get a further boost with the expansion of the Panama Canal, as well as increased growth in professional/technical services, growing aerospace and life-science sectors," he said.

We rate this statement Mostly True.

Edited for print. To read more, go to

The statement

"Tourism and retirees are the dominant economic engines in our state."

Nan Rich, July 11, in a speech to the Florida Press Association

The ruling

PolitiFact ruling: Mostly True A combination of statistical data and expert analysis suggests that both are important engines, and possibly too important, due to the low-wage jobs they bring. We rate this claim Mostly True.

PolitiFact Florida: Nan Rich makes claims about state's economy, taxes 08/03/14 [Last modified: Sunday, August 3, 2014 9:42pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times


Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

  1. And the most-searched NFL player in Florida is ...


    The Bucs just faced the Jacksonville Jaguars in preseason, and open their 2017 season at the Miami Dolphins. So with the state's NFL competition ahead of and just behind the Bucs, who do you think is the NFL player most searched on Google by Floridians?

    Fans react with excitement moments after the Bucs announce their first-round pick at the team's 2016 NFL draft party. [LOREN ELLIOTT | Times]
  2. Video captures shark attack on seal at crowded beach


    ORLEANS, Mass. — A shark attack on a seal at a Cape Cod beach sent beachgoers scrambling, and surfers a few yards away had to frantically swim to shore.

    Thayer Wade captured video of  a shark attacking a seal off a Cape Cod beach. His uncle Pat O'Brien shared the video on Twitter.
  3. Florida firefighter spears giant 409-pound grouper in St. Pete Beach competition


    ST. PETERSBURG — It took six sets of hands to drag a 409-pound Warsaw Grouper to the stage.

    James Taylor, a Bradenton firefighter, speared a 409-pound grouper near St. Pete Beach during a competition over the weekend. (Courtesy of Michelle Taylor)
  4. Don't know what to do with those eclipse glasses? Donate them.

    Human Interest

    Those who were able to snag a pair of coveted solar eclipse glasses for Monday's event witnessed a moment in history. But now that the eclipse is over, many are left wondering: What do I do with my …

    Workers pass out eclipse viewing glasses during a solar eclipse party on August 21, 2017 at the Museum of Science and Industry, in Tampa, Fla. Tampa experienced a partial eclipse. [MONICA HERNDON  |  Times]
  5. Treasury secretary's wife boasts of travel on government plane, touts high fashion


    U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin's wife, Louise Linton, boasted of flying on a government plane with her husband to Kentucky on Monday and then named the numerous fashion brands she wore on the trip in an unusual social media post that only became more bizarre minutes later.

    Steven Mnuchin and his then- financee Louise Linton watch as President Donald Trump speaks during Mnuchin's swearing-in ceremony as  treasury secretary in the Oval Office of the White House on Feb. 13. [Mandel Ngan | AFP via Getty Images]