David Miscavige, 49
Born: Suburban Philadelphia
Joined Scientology: As a child, with his parents; joined Sea Org at age 16.
Family status: Married to Sea Org member Michelle Miscavige. They have no children.
Career highlights: The ecclesiastical leader of Scientology since 1987, when he became chairman of the board of the Religious Technology Center. The RTC is responsible for preserving, maintaining and protecting Scientology and ensuring that its practices hold true to the original "technology" set out by founder L. Ron Hubbard.
He dropped out of high school and joined Scientology staff in Clearwater, where among other jobs he delivered telexes and worked as a steward. In early 1977 he was sent to La Quinta, Calif., to work with Hubbard, who was making Scientology training films. By age 19, he headed the Commodore's Messenger Organization, responsible for sending out teams to investigate church problem areas.
One such area was the Guardian's Office, the church's intelligence and legal unit. Its leader, Mary Sue Hubbard, and 10 other Scientologists were convicted in 1979 for conspiring to steal government documents and cover it up. Miscavige broke up the "GO." In 1982, Hubbard appointed him to manage his fortune through a corporate entity outside the Scientology umbrella.
After Hubbard died in 1986, Miscavige rose to his current post by asserting himself over other church executives. From 1991 to 1993, he worked to get the IRS to restore the church's tax-exempt status.
Works primarily from Scientology's base outside Los Angeles and travels to church facilities worldwide, including its spiritual headquarters in Clearwater. Church officials say he is leading a "renaissance" with new releases of Hubbard's books and a major expansion program.
Tommy Davis, church spokesman: "Mr. Miscavige is the driving force behind the worldwide expansion of Scientology. . . . It is his far-reaching vision and unrelenting dedication which have brought the Church so far and so fast.''
Gary Morehead, 43
Joined Scientology: as a child with parents. Joined Sea Org at 13, in 1979 in Los Angeles.
Left Sea Org: 1997
Career highlights: Security chief at the California base from 1990 to 1997. Better known by his nickname at the base, "Jackson."
Now: Single, lives in Portland, Ore., works as a tow truck driver.
"If they wanted to leave . . . they were going to leave under the church's direction. But the church would do all they could to get them to stay."
Jackie Wolff, 54
Joined Scientology: at age 25, in 1980; joined Sea Org in 1982.
Left Sea Org: 2004
Career highlights: Personal steward to Miscavige and his wife, personnel director, supervisor of e-meter assembly line.
Now: Single, marketing director for California construction and grading company.
"We didn't want them to find us. We wanted to just kind of disappear into the woodwork."
Bruce Hines, 58
Joined Scientology: at age 20, in Denver in 1972. Joined Sea Org in 1979.
Left Sea Org: April 2003
Career highlights: Starting in 1987, senior case supervisor evaluating auditing sessions.
Now: Married, teaches physics at University of Colorado-Denver. Son is former Sea Org member.
"A person on the RPF (Rehabilitation Project Force) would have lists and lists of evil purposes that they came up with in auditing and tried to deal with. These would be listed in the application to get out of the RPF.''
Sinar Parman, 55
Joined Scientology: at age 22 in 1976; joined Sea Org in 1978.
Left Sea Org: 2001
Career highlights: Worked as personal chef for Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard. Became executive chef at the church's international base in California. Served numerous Scientology celebrities.
Now: Lives in Southern California, where he cares for his elderly parents and is a day trader in the stock market.
On the church members who tried to talk him back into Scientology in 2001: "I said, 'Hey. There's one thing I want you to do: Just leave me alone. Just leave me alone.' "
Marty Rathbun, 52
Joined Scientology: at age 20, in 1977; joined Sea Org in 1978.
Left Sea Org: 2004
Career highlights: A top lieutenant to Miscavige for over 25 years. Inspector General of Religious Technology Center.
Now: Divorced, no children. Lives near Corpus Christi, Texas. Counsels and audits people who have left Scientology.
On trying to talk someone back into the Sea Org: "You are trying to hit some level of emotion, some level with the person where it's going to resonate with him that the only answer is to come back."
Mike Rinder, 54
Joined Scientology: at age 5, when parents joined. Joined Sea Org at 18, in 1973.
Left Sea Org: 2007
Career highlights: Head of Office of Special Affairs for 25 years, overseeing intelligence, legal efforts and media relations. Became the public face of Scientology. Chief administrator in Clearwater from 1978 to 1981.
Now: Divorced, has an adult son and daughter, both Sea Org members. Lives in Denver.
"There is one aspect to this that is very insidious and very powerful, which is the control over people through manipulation of their families."