1776: Virginia's colonial legislature adopted a Declaration of Rights.
1920: The Republican National Convention, meeting in Chicago, nominated Warren G. Harding for president on the 10th ballot.
1924: President Calvin Coolidge was nominated for a term of office in his own right at the Republican National Convention in Cleveland. (Coolidge had become president in 1923 upon the sudden death of Harding.)
1939: The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, N.Y.
1942: Anne Frank, a German-born Jewish girl living in Amsterdam, received a diary for her 13th birthday, less than a month before she and her family went into hiding from the Nazis.
1956: The Flag of the United States Army was officially adopted under an executive order signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1963: Civil rights leader Medgar Evers, 37, was shot and killed outside his home in Jackson, Miss. (In 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he died in 2001.)
1965: The British government announced that the Beatles would each be made a Member of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace later in the year.
1967: The Supreme Court, in Loving vs. Virginia, struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.
1975: An Indian court found Prime Minister Indira Gandhi guilty of electoral corruption and barred her from holding office for six years; Gandhi rejected calls for her to resign.
1987: President Ronald Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall."
1991: Russians went to the polls to elect Boris Yeltsin president of their republic.
1994: Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but was eventually held liable in a civil action.)