Make us your home page

Today’s top headlines delivered to you daily.

(View our Privacy Policy)

Hurricane Irma: Everyone lines up for sandbags, but do they help?

Tampa Bay emergency agencies have already distributed more than 200,000 sand bags this week that many folks spent more than two hours in line waiting to get.

LIVE BLOG: The latest on Hurricane Irma

The city of Tampa gave out more than 16,500 bags at its three locations on Tuesday alone. In St. Petersburg, a queue of people wrapped around Bartlett Park waiting their turn on Wednesday.

Deanna Stross, 33, was one of those waiting in line. She's only lived in St. Petersburg for three years and is unsure if sandbags will be enough to protect her house.

"The Bay is five feet from my back porch," she said, "and I am very nervous."

Q&A: What you need to know about Hurricane Irma

This won't help: Experts say sand bags may not do much to protect homes. Yet residents have spent a lot of time and energy obtaining them at distribution centers set up in nearly every city and county in the Tampa Bay area.

"This is a lot of work, a lot of time and a lot of prep," said Craig Fugate, the former Federal Emergency Management Agency administrator who once served as Florida's top emergency official. "Just putting a few sand bags in front of your door, if you're talking more than just a couple inches of water, it isn't going to stop it."

There are a few problems with relying on sand bags.

First and foremost, they are not meant for people who live in evacuation zones, Fugate said. Those residents should focus their energy on finalizing their packing, determining their route and finding a safe place to stay, he said.

LIVE RADAR: Interactive storm track, hourly outlooks, 10-day forecasts and weather alerts

Nor will sandbags do anything to stop the intense water that comes with storm surge.

"We tell residents not to rely on sandbags to protect their homes from flooding or storm surge," Pinellas County spokeswoman Irena Karolak said. "With hurricane storm surge, the best thing is to brace your home, windows and garage doors and protect yourselves."

Sand bags are only meant to be stacked a few rows high to guard against a couple inches of flooding. That could be helpful to those who live in areas which flood regularly with heavy rainfall.

But even then, they're only effective if people use them correctly. For example, placing a few bags in front of a front door won't do much in most circumstances, Fugate said.

To be most effective, the bags need to be lined around the entire home. But that's hard to do because many distribution center have a limit as to how many bags people can pick up, such as Pinellas County's 20-bag maximum.

"To do it most effectively, you've got to completely seal off all the ways water can get into your foundation and through the ground floor." Fugate said. "What the average person needs is far beyond the number of bags you're going to get from most of these centers."

DOWNLOAD: Get the tbo Weather App and see where storms are headed

Sometimes it's good enough to just stack sandbags around the doors and garage, Fugate said, especially if it's a concrete block home.

"With wood, it's not going to help much." Fugate said. "The minute that water gets over, around or through those sandbags, then those sandbags aren't going to fix much."

So if sand bags don't do much, then why does every government provide them? One theory is that it helps people feel like they have some control in an otherwise unpredictable situation.

"Being able to do something, even if it's not the most effective thing, helps reassure people as the hurricane approaches," Fugate said.

There are other ways people can protect their homes that don't involve waiting in a long line with a shovel. Karolak suggested securing windows and garage doors. Plywood and storm shutters are often recommended.

CATEGORY 5 Hurricane Irma: Eight things to know about Category 5 storms

Those who are worried about flooding are encouraged to move furniture and valuables to a second floor, if their home has one, or elevate items.

"Stack stuff as high as you can, take your papers, pack your bags, and be ready to evacuate," Fugate said. "If you need to evacuate, don't waste your time putting out sand bags."

Times staff writer Allison Graves contributed to this report. Contact Caitlin Johnston at or (727) 893-8779. Follow @cljohnst.


Hernando County

The Hernando Beach Water Tower sandbag distribution site located at 4500 Shoal Line Blvd. is now closed. It will be relocated to Fire Station 2, 3445 Bob Hartung Court, Spring Hill, and will be stocked by 3 p.m. Wednesday.

All other sandbag distribution locations are currently operational:

Hernando County Department of Public Works: 1525 East Jefferson Street, Brooksville

Hernando County Fire Rescue Station 1: 1479 Parker Avenue, Spring Hill

Ridge Manor Community Center: 34240 Cortez Boulevard, Dade City

Hillsborough County

Sandbags are available at seven Hillsborough County Public Works Service Units until 8 p.m. on Wednesday, and Thursday from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., weather permitting.

West Service Unit, 9805 Sheldon Road, Tampa

South Service Unit, 8718 Old Big Bend Road, Gibsonton

East Service Unit, 4702 Sydney Road, Plant City

Ed Radice Park, 14720 Ed Radice Dr., Tampa

South County Community Collection Center, 13000 U.S. 41, Gibsonton

Hillsborough Heights Community Collection Center, 6209 C.R. 579, Seffner

Central Service Unit, 4115 S 66th St., Tampa

Pasco County

Mitchell Park, 4825 Little Road, New Port Richey

Fire Station #17, 2951 Seven Springs Blvd, New Port Richey

Magnolia Valley Golf Course Clubhouse, 7223 Massachusetts Ave., New Port Richey

Veterans Memorial Park, 14333 Hicks Road, Hudson

C-Barn, 30908 Warder Road, San Antonio

Dade City Police Dept., 38042 Pasco Ave., Dade City

Land O' Lakes Rec Center, 3032 Collier Pkwy, Land O' Lakes

Wesley Chapel District Park, 7727 Boyette Road, Wesley Chapel

Zephyrhills Fire Station, 6907 Dairy Road, Zephyrhills

8am to midnight

Pinellas County

Sandbags will be limited to 20 per person. Material, bags and shovels will be available. Residents must fill their own sandbags. Distribution locations will be open daylight hours.

John Chesnut Sr. Park, 2200 East Lake Road, Palm Harbor

Lealman Community Park, 3890 55th Ave. N., St. Petersburg

Taylor Park, 1100 Eighth Ave. SW, Largo

St. Petersburg

Northeast Park, 875 62nd Ave. NE. Residents are asked to use the Cardinal Drive entrance to the Mangrove Bay Golf Course.

Bartlett Park, 2000 Seventh St. S. The park is located off 22nd Avenue S between Sixth and Seventh Streets S.

Northwest Pool parking lot, 2331 60th St. N.

Lake Visa Recreation Center, 1401 62nd Ave. S.

Azalea Park, 7200 16th Ave. N.

The Main Library, 3745 Ninth Ave. N, west parking lot


Bobby Hicks Pool, 4120 W Mango Ave.

Barksdale Active Adult Center, 1801 N Lincoln Ave.

Jackson Heights Community Center, 3310 E. Lake Ave.

Hurricane Irma: Everyone lines up for sandbags, but do they help? 09/06/17 [Last modified: Wednesday, September 6, 2017 7:32pm]
Photo reprints | Article reprints

© 2017 Tampa Bay Times


Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours

  1. Tuesday's Nothing More concert moved from the State Theatre to Jannus Live in St. Petersburg


    Nothing More was one of the highlights of April's 98 Rockfest, a thoroughly entertaining rock outfit with a larger-than-live stage presence.

    Nothing More performed at 98 Rockfest 2017 in Tampa.
  2. Buccaneers-Vikings Turning Point, Week 3: Overreaction vs. reality


    "None of us really know how this group of 53 guys is going to come together and how we're going to play this season."

    Vikings receiver Stefon Diggs torched a porous Bucs secondary Sunday with eight catches for 173 yards and two touchdowns. [Getty Images]
  3. Triad Retail Media names Sherry Smith as CEO


    ST. PETERSBURG — Triad Retail Media, a St. Petersburg-based digital ads company, said CEO Roger Berdusco is "leaving the company to pursue new opportunities" and a member of the executive team, Sherry Smith, is taking over.

    Roger Berdusco is stepping down as CEO at Triad Retail Media to pursue other opportunities. [Courtesy of Triad Retail Media]
  4. What to watch this week: Fall TV kicks off with 'Will & Grace,' 'Young Sheldon,' return of 'This Is Us'


    September temperatures are still creeping into the 90s, but fall officially started a few days ago. And with that designation comes the avalanche of new and returning TV shows. The Big Bang Theory fans get a double dose of Sheldon Cooper's nerdisms with the return of the titular series for an eleventh season and …

    Sean Hayes, Debra Messing and Megan Mullally in Will & Grace.
  5. Eight refueling jets from Arkansas, 250 people heading to new home at MacDill


    TAMPA — The number of KC-135 refueling jets at MacDill Air Force Base will grow from 18 to 24 with the return of a squadron that once called Tampa home.

    A KC-135 Stratotanker, a military aerial refueling jet, undergoes maintenance at MacDill Air Force Base. The planes, many flying since the late 1950s, are now being flown more than twice as much as scheduled because of ongoing foreign conflicts. [LOREN ELLIOTT   |   Times]