PHNOM PENH, Cambodia — They were leaders of Cambodia's infamous Khmer Rouge, the fanatical communist movement behind a 1970s reign of terror that transformed this Southeast Asian nation into a ruthless slave state — a place where cities were emptied of their inhabitants, religion and schools were banned, and anyone deemed a threat was executed.
When the nightmare ended, in 1979, almost 2 million people were dead — a quarter of Cambodia's population at the time.
On Thursday, a U.N.-backed tribunal convicted two of the men who ruled during that era of crimes against humanity.
Although survivors welcomed the decision to impose life sentences against Khieu Samphan, an 83-year-old former head of state, and Nuon Chea, the movement's 88-year-old chief ideologue, they also say justice has come far too late and is simply not adequate.
"Nothing can compare to the immense suffering they imposed, no sentence can be enough. They belong in hell, not an air-conditioned jail cell," said Youk Chhang, who heads the Documentation Center of Cambodia, which has collected more than a million documents related to the Khmer Rouge terror.