NICOSIA, Cyprus — Cyprus ordered banks to remain closed for two more days over fears of a run by customers trying to get their money out, after striking a bailout deal Monday that averted the country's bankruptcy.
The sudden postponement of the much anticipated bank opening today by all but the country's two largest lenders was sure to hammer businesses already reeling from more than a week of no access to their deposits.
ATMs have been dispensing cash but often run out, and an increasing number of stores and other businesses have stopped accepting credit or debit cards. The two largest lenders, the struggling Laiki and Bank of Cyprus, have imposed a daily withdrawal limit of 100 euros ($130).
Cyprus clinched an eleventh-hour deal with the 17-nation eurozone and the International Monetary Fund early Monday for a 10 billion euro ($13 billion) bailout. Without it, the country's banks would have collapsed, dragging down the economy and potentially pushing it out of the euro.
Under the deal, the country agreed to slash its oversized banking sector and inflict hefty losses on large depositors in troubled banks.
The country's banks have been closed since March 16 to avert a run on deposits as the country's politicians struggled to come up with a way to raise enough money to qualify for the bailout. A plan that would have raised 5.8 billion euros by seizing up to 10 percent of people's bank accounts enraged depositors and was rejected by lawmakers last week.
But with the immediate crisis averted, worry spread in Europe that the deal could boomerang, spooking investors and hurting the eurozone's efforts to keep its debt crisis from spreading.
"The Cypriot bailout has a powerful legacy which may alter the security with which depositors elsewhere in the eurozone view the safety of banks," said Jane Foley, an analyst at Rabobank International.
The initial plan to seize a percentage of all deposits sent jitters across the eurozone. European officials, anxious to prevent any further spread of the financial crisis that has already left Greece, Ireland and Portugal dependent on bailout funds, had been at pains to point out that Cyprus was a unique case.