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Key events in the rule of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak

May 4, 1928: Born in the Nile Delta village of Kafr el-Moseilha.

April 1975: Chosen by President Anwar Sadat to be vice president.

m Oct. 14, 1981: Sworn in as Egypt's president after his predecessor, Sadat, was assassinated by Islamic militants during a military parade. Mubarak escaped with a minor hand injury. He implemented emergency laws as part of his battle against militants, expanding police powers and curtailing rights to demonstrate. In one of his first moves, Mubarak said Egypt would stick to the landmark 1979 peace treaty with Israel, the first by any Arab nation with the Jewish state. Mubarak became a major mediator in the Arab-Israeli peace process. He remained a consistent ally of the United States, bolstered by billions of dollars in U.S. aid.

June 26, 1995: Survives an assassination attempt while visiting Ethiopia. He responded by arresting thousands, crushing the movement by 1997. Under the emergency laws, security forces made gains against militants but also subjected Egyptians to torture and other abuses.

February 2005: Orders constitutional amendments that pave the way for first-ever multi-candidate elections.

March 2005: Hundreds participate in protests to oppose a fifth term for Mubarak or plans to let his son Gamal succeed him.

May 11, 2005: Parliament votes to change the constitution to allow contested presidential elections.

Sept. 27, 2005: Mubarak is sworn in for a fifth consecutive term after winning the first contested presidential election. In the following parliamentary elections, when the opposition did relatively well, Mubarak responded with a broad crackdown. Police arrested opposition presidential candidate Ayman Nour and many members of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Nov. 28, 2010: Parliamentary elections are held. Opposition parties say the vote was marred by fraud, and the Muslim Brotherhood responded by withdrawing its candidates, who were running as independents, from a second round of voting.

m Jan. 25, 2011: Appoints his first vice president, Omar Suleiman, shortly after the Jan. 25 outbreak of protests.

Jan. 28, 2011: Mubarak orders the army out on the streets to restore order.

Jan. 29, 2011: A wave of looting grips Egypt after police withdrew from Cairo and several cities.

Feb. 1, 2011: Promises not to seek re-election but says he will serve out his term and "die on Egyptian soil."

Feb. 10, 2011: Refuses to leave office but hands some powers to the vice president in a state TV appearance that leaves protesters furious.

Feb. 11, 2011: Resigns and hands power to the military after protesters flood the streets of Cairo and other cities.

Associated Press

Key events in the rule of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak 02/11/11 [Last modified: Friday, February 11, 2011 9:16pm]
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