Strongest quakes date back to 1700
Here are the earthquakes in recorded history that registered at least magnitude 8.6.
. May 22, 1960: A magnitude 9.5 earthquake in southern Chile and resulting tsunami killed at least 1,716 people.
. March 27, 1964: A magnitude 9.2 quake in Prince William Sound, Alaska, and resulting tsunami killed 128 people.
. Dec. 26, 2004: A magnitude 9.1 quake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed 226,000 people in 12 countries, including 165,700 in Indonesia and 35,400 in Sri Lanka.
. Aug. 13, 1868: An estimated magnitude 9.0 quake in Arica, Peru (now Chile), generated catastrophic tsunamis; more than 25,000 people were killed in South America.
. Jan. 26, 1700: A estimated magnitude 9.0 quake shook northern California, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia and triggered a tsunami that damaged villages in Japan.
. Nov. 4, 1952: A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka, Russia, caused damage but no reported deaths, despite 30-foot waves in Hawaii.
. Jan. 31, 1906: An estimated magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia generated a tsunami that killed at least 500 people.
. Feb. 27, 2010: A magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Chile killed a still-undetermined number of people and sent a tsunami across the Pacific.
. Nov. 1, 1755: An estimated magnitude 8.7 quake and tsunami in Lisbon, Portugal, killed about 60,000 people. Much of Lisbon was destroyed.
. July 8, 1730: An estimated magnitude 8.7 quake in Valparasio, Chile, killed at least 3,000.
. Aug. 15, 1950: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.
. March 28, 2005: A magnitude 8.6 quake in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, kills about 1,300 people.
Sources: U.S. Geological Survey, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology and the World Health Organization's International Disaster Database