Jim Crow Resources
In 1828, Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice, a struggling actor, put on black face and created an exaggerated, highly stereotypical black character named Jim Crow. By 1838, the term "Jim Crow" was being used as a collective racial and offensive nickname for blacks. By the end of the 19th Century, “Jim Crow” was used to describe the segregation laws, rules and customs which arose after Reconstruction ended in 1877 and continued until the mid-1960s.
Jim Crow was more than a series of strict anti-black laws. It was a way of life under which African Americans were considered second class citizens. Jim Crow laws legitimized and legalized racism.Source: Jim Crow Museum of Racist History at Ferris State University