The cyclists Lance Armstrong beat to win his seven Tour de France victories include men who have faced doping bans and accusations. Who else was on the podium when Armstrong won from 1999-2005:
No. 2: Alex Zulle, Switzerland. His 1998 team, Festina, was ousted from the Tour that year in connection with the widespread use of EPO. Zulle later admitted to using the blood-booster over the four previous years. The Festina affair is widely seen as the first big doping scandal.
No. 3: Fernando Escartin, Spain.
No. 2: Jan Ullrich, Germany. The 1997 Tour winner, a five-time Tour runner-up and longtime Armstrong rival. He was the top-name cyclist among at least 50 implicated in the "Operation Puerto" police investigation in Spain in May 2006. Ullrich was stripped of his third-place finish from the 2005 Tour and retired from racing two years later.
No. 3: Joseba Beloki, Spain. Implicated in Operation Puerto, he was reportedly cleared by a Spanish court of any involvement in the case.
No 2: Ullrich; No. 3: Beloki.
No. 2: Ullrich.
No. 3: Alexandre Vinokourov, Kazakhstan. He later served a two-year doping suspension after twice testing positive for banned blood transfusions during the 2007 race. He won the Olympic road race in London last month and has announced plans to retire.
No. 2: Beloki.
No. 3: Raimondas Rumsas, Lithuania. On the last day of the 2002 Tour, police stopped his wife, Edita, at the Italian border and searched her car, turning up suspected doping products. A French court later handed them four-month prison sentences on doping-related charges. The cyclist denied taking banned substances at that event, and all his tests came back negative. He said the products in his wife's car were for his mother-in-law. The next year, he was given a one-year ban after testing positive for EPO in the 2003 Giro d'Italia.
No. 2: Basso; No. 3: Ullrich.
No. 2: Andreas Kloeden, Germany
No. 3: Ivan Basso, Italy. Excluded from the 2006 Tour because of his involvement in Operation Puerto. He claimed that he gave his blood to a Spanish doctor at the center of that scandal but never used it