Anarchists, communists and advocates of totalitarian government will be allowed into the United States under a law signed by President Bush unless officials can find a reason to keep them out that goes beyond their political beliefs. The measure, part of a $9.8-billion State Department authorization Bush signed Friday night, effectively repeals part of a 1952 law that barred visitors with radical views.
Nobel laureates Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Pablo Neruda have been excluded under the law in recent years as well as authors Graham Greene, Doris Lessing and Carlos Fuentes, according to a Senate Foreign Relations Committee report.
Among others excluded were French actor Yves Montand; former Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith; Hortensia Allende, widow of the Marxist president of Chile, and Yasser Arafat, head of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
"For a generation and more, these miserable provisions made the United States present itself to other nations as a nation of fearful, muddled, intimidated citizens," said Sen. Daniel Moynihan, D-N.Y.
Still subject to exclusion under the new measure are "aliens who are polygamists or who practice polygamy or advocate the practice of polygamy."
Others still barred under the law _ but not always in practice _ are the mentally retarded, the insane, criminals, pimps, prostitutes, paupers, vagrants, professional beggars, stowaways, drug addicts, chronic alcoholics and those with a dangerous contagious disease or likely to become burdens on the American public.
There is also a ban on, but no definition of, those "afflicted with psychopathic personality, or sexual deviation, or a mental defect."