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1.13-billion in China

China announced Tuesday that the most thorough census in the nation's history had found that the country's population is 1.133-billion. The official New China News Agency announced a precise figure _ a population of 1,133,682,501 _ as of July 1, "zero hour" for the fourth national census.

But that was four months ago.

Add 5.5-million or so, based on the reported annual growth rate of 1.47 percent that the news agency disclosed.

The figure was 13-million higher than previous estimates.

The growth rate of 1.47 percent per year is in line with previous estimates. But the census reported sharp differences in the growth rates of various nationalities, and that might lead the government to impose tougher family planning measures on minorities.

For Han Chinese, the ethnic majority accounting for 92 percent of the population, the annual growth rate is 1.08 percent. But the census found that for ethnic minorities _ including Tibetans, Mongols and peoples in northwestern China who speak languages related to Turkish _ the rate was 3.55 percent per year.

The government has been far tougher in carrying out its one-child policy in Han areas than in minority regions, partly to avoid antagonizing the minorities. But in the last few years, there have been signs the leadership would like to curb the rising population in minority areas.

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