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Military role ending for Warsaw Pact

BUDAPEST, Hungary _ After menacing the West with Soviet-led military might for more than three decades, the Warsaw Pact will cease to exist as a military alliance next year, a senior Hungarian official said Wednesday. The six-nation alliance will end joint military maneuvers in December and stop operating as a military alliance in June, the official said. Thereafter, the Warsaw Pact will function "only as a political forum," he said.Poland, Germany agree on border

WARSAW _ Polish and German negotiators agreed Wednesday on the text of a treaty confirming their present border on the Oder and Neisse rivers. The treaty, which still must be formally signed and ratified, would end uncertainty over the border dating to World War II. The text was hammered out in the first round of negotiations between Poland and the newly unified Germany over their future relations.

Peru leader blasts "medieval' church

LIMA, Peru _ President Alberto Fujimori on Wednesday attacked what he called "medieval" thinking by Catholic Church leaders for opposing his plan to bring birth control to millions of Peruvians. Fujimori, a Catholic, opened a national debate last week when he announced a plan to slow population growth rate by nearly a quarter by 1995 through promotion of birth control.

Chamorro fires economic planner

MANAGUA, Nicaragua _ President Violeta Chamorro has fired Central Bank President Francisco Mayorga, the architect of the administration's free-market economic plan. A brief statement released Tuesday gave no details on the circumstances surrounding Mayorga's firing, but he had been rumored to be on the way out as the government moved to sign a social pact that included agreements with Sandinista labor unions.

Official: U.S. plans office in Vietnam

HANOI, Vietnam _ The United States will establish its first permanent presence in communist Vietnam by opening an office to deal with the question of missing U.S. servicemen, a Vietnamese official said Wednesday. The official said Washington was reluctant to publicize the new office because it did not want the move to be seen as a step toward normalizing relations with its former enemy.

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