Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar proposed Thursday that the U.N. Security Council involve itself directly in a search for a way to protect Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied territories. The proposal, made in a report prepared by Perez de Cuellar listing Palestinian accusations of Israeli mistreatment in the occupied territories, puts the United States in a serious quandary.
Washington will have to decide either to support action against its longtime ally, Israel, which rejects any U.N. involvement in the occupied territories, or block any council action and thus risk endangering the solidarity of the anti-Iraq coalition it has assembled since Iraq invaded Kuwait on Aug. 2.
Given the sensitivity of the issue, neither the U.S. Mission nor the State Department made any comment Thursday on the report.
One recommendation in the report suggests that the Security Council invoke a 1949 human rights treaty for the first time and call together a 164-nation conference to discuss possible measures for preventing human rights violations in the occupied territories.
That meeting would bring together all the countries that signed the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, which lays down the rights of civilians in occupied military areas. Israel signed the treaty but has long contended that the treaty does not apply to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
The Israeli Mission to the United Nations issued a brief statement saying the Israeli government does not believe the Fourth Geneva Convention applies to the occupied territories in law, but repeating its claim to be obeying its provisions in practice.
It said Israel has "sole responsibility" for administering the territories, adding that "this responsibility is not subject to review or intervention by other authorities."
The secretary-general also told the Security Council that it already had the authority to establish a U.N. monitoring force in the territories that could be charged with checking on human rights abuses, possibly by giving a fresh mandate to a U.N. peacekeeping force already operating in the area.
But the report acknowledges that for any new measures of protection to be effective, "the cooperation of the Israeli authorities is, under present circumstance, absolutely essential."
The report was requested by a unanimous vote of the Security Council after 21 Palestinians were killed near Al Aksa Mosque last month after the stoning of Jewish worshipers at the Western Wall.
It is expected to be debated by the council in the coming days, when members discuss the merits of the secretary general's suggestions for giving additional protection to Palestinians living in the occupied territories.
In Jerusalem on Thursday, the head of Israeli police said the force will be reorganized following last month's killings.
Police Minister Roni Milo would not say whether he would fire senior officers. Few other details about the plan were immediately available.
Violence continued, meanwhile, in the occupied territories.
Near Tel Aviv, a Palestinian stabbed his former Israeli employer 10 times.
It was the ninth armed attack on Israelis in the last two weeks.
Record number of Soviets reach Israel
JERUSALEM _ Despite the threat of war and Israel's failure to provide adequate housing or jobs for the newcomers, more than 20,324 Soviet Jews reached Israel last month, a record number.
That brought the total of Soviet Jewish immigrants this year to 121,752, the highest number since the nation's earliest days.
While Israel considers Jewish immigration critically important, the influx has sharpened some of the country's most difficult foreign policy questions while also deepening the domestic political problems that hamper the Israeli government.