Cheryl Tiegs protects the hair with a baseball cap, Julie Wolfe wraps her head in an old terry towel and a hairstylist recommends constant hair-conditioning. Sweat, sun and salt water can take their toll on your hair so to keep your hair as fit as your body you need to give it special care.
"As you exercise, your scalp perspires," said hair expert Philip Kingsley of New York city and London. "If this sweat is allowed to remain, hair can become dry, dull, lank and lifeless."
He recommends shampooing after each workout, and don't worry about overdoing it.
"Twice or even three times is just fine, as long as you use a mild formula, warm water and rinse thoroughly," he said.
Outdoor activities also call for sun protection, easily achieved with gels and sprays that create a barrier between hair and ultraviolet light.
Chlorine and mineral deposits from the copper piping that feeds many pools can cause discoloration. To protect, apply a water-resistant conditioner.
Cheryl Tiegs has her own method of hair protection. She always tucks her blond shoulder-length hair under a Los Angeles Dodgers baseball cap before she goes bicycling around Santa Monica or hiking in the nearby hills.
Julie Wolfe finds wind surfing leads to fading, drying out and splitting ends. She combats the elements with an intensive moisturizing treatment.
"Several times a month or whenever I really need to, I'll gob on the conditioner, wrap my head in an old terry towel and leave it on overnight," she said. "In the morning, my hair is incredibly soft, smooth and supple."
Jacob Neal cuts hair that can be styled and blown dry in under 15 minutes. As consultant to the Virginia Slims Tennis Circuit and the Women's Sports Foundation, he does not tamper too much.
For younger players, such as Jennifer Capriati, Monica Seles and Gabriella Sabatini he leaves hair long and full, trimming ends frequently. He recommends conditioning after every shampoo.
"Sports that involve protective helmets, chin straps or padding can lock in perspiration and aggravate skin," said Dr. C. William Doubleday, a sports dermatologist at the University of Texas Medical School at Houston.
He recommended showering not more than 15 minutes after every workout, using a mild soap. Cleanse accessories like head and wrist bands after every use.
Working out and wearing makeup are not mutually exclusive, makeup expert Mark Hayles said. "Forego foundation, which will melt right into pores as you work up a sweat. But mascara, eyeshadow and lipstick are just fine."