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U.S. official details "dual containment' of Iraq, Iran

President Clinton's national security adviser, Anthony Lake, has laid out a plan for "dual containment" of Iraq and Iran and their hostility to the United States.

He calls them both "outlaw" and "backlash" states, along with Cuba, North Korea and Libya.

But Lake makes a difference between Saddam Hussein's Iraq and the fundamentalist Muslim government of Iran in an article appearing today in the quarterly Foreign Affairs. He says the Clinton administration supports Iraqi exiles, who want to overthrow Hussein. With Iran, he foresees the possibility of better relations.

"In Iraq, the regime is responsible for both war crimes and crimes against humanity, a regime whose invasion of Kuwait and gassing of its own people have rendered it an international renegade," Lake wrote.

He also condemns "outlaw behavior" by Iran, saying it "is the foremost sponsor of terrorism and assassination worldwide." But he added:

"We remain ready for an authoritative dialogue in which we will raise aspects of Iranian behavior that cause us so much concern."

Lake lays out different ways of dealing with Iran and Iraq.

He said Iran wants to dominate the gulf. To prevent that, he noted cooperation by the Clinton administration with allies to keep materials for chemical and nuclear weapons out of Iranian hands.

He called containment of Iran a harder job because some countries want to deal with it and there are no U.N. Security Council resolutions against Iran as there are against Iraq.

"The International community is sufficiently alarmed by Saddam's behavior .


. to support Washington's insistence on full compliance" of sanctions imposed three years ago after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

Serbs issue warning

BELGRADE _ A Bosnian Serb general said Sunday his men would use their weapons to stop humanitarian convoys through Bosnian Serb territory if they failed to secure permission for their passage.

"Humanitarian and other convoys . . . will not move without our usual agreement. In case of the opposite, we shall prevent their movement with weapons," Bosnian Serb army chief of staff Gen. Manojlo Milovanovic told the Yugoslav news agency Tanjug.

He was referring to Sunday's decision by the U.N. to move relief convoys through Bosnia without asking permission.

Elsewhere . . .

HANOI, Vietnam _ American and Vietnamese negotiators open financial and political talks today that could help lead to diplomatic relations between the two countries after nearly 20 years. The talks are the first major negotiations since the Paris Peace Agreement of 1973 that ended U.S. military involvement in Vietnam.

MOSCOW _ Ruslan Khasbulatov, a key leader of last October's uprising against President Boris Yeltsin who was freed from prison Saturday, said he is quitting politics altogether and is disgusted with all those in power.

LONDON _ British police investigating the murder of eight men in the arson of a pornographic movie club are investigating whether it was a copycat crime inspired by the film The Pelican Brief.