Asked in surveys to guess how much of the national budget goes to foreign aid, most Americans say 15 percent. The actual amount is about 1 percent. One-third of all aid goes to two countries _ Israel and Egypt.
Only Israel receives its aid in cash. Most of the rest of the money never leaves the United States. Countries are required to use it to buy U.S. agriculture surpluses and American-made equipment like tractors and computers and to use relief programs run by U.S. consultants.