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WORLD WAR II // 50 YEARS AGO TODAY

From newspapers of Sept. 4, 1945: Army authorities are drawing up lists of Japanese suspected of mistreating Allied prisoners of war in Japan. Of the 2,000 prisoners freed so far, 80 percent are described as being in "tragic condition." Cmdr. Harold Stassen, who is directing prisoner recoveries for the Navy, says some Japanese soldiers are bringing prisoners to the Allied headquarters in Yokohama because they fear camps will be scrutinized. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek calls on the Chinese people to crown the victory over Japan by building "a model democratic state." Chiang promises equal legal status to all political parties, including presumably the Communist Party, but declares that private armies will not be tolerated. To workers and farmers he pledges a better livelihood; to his people he promises freedom of speech. A C-54 Skymaster carrying film of Japan's surrender flies from Tokyo to Washington in 31 hours and 25 minutes. The plane stops only to refuel in the Aleutians and Seattle. A total of 341 Americans died in accidents over the Labor Day weekend. This was far below the record of 626, set in 1941, the last Labor Day before Pearl Harbor.

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