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WORLD WAR II // 50 YEARS AGO TODAY

From newspapers of Sept. 9, 1945: The Senate debates the future of the atomic bomb. Sen. James Mead, D-N.Y., says that the bomb should never be used again and that nations should outlaw it, just as they did poison gas after World War I. Sen. Tom Connally, D-Texas, suggests the bomb can become an instrument of peace. He says the United States should keep the secret of the weapon but establish a fleet of atomic bombers to be used by the United Nations, when necessary, to preserve peace. The 1-million Japanese troops in China are formally surrendered at Nanking, ending eight years and two months of fighting. American troops, spearheaded by the 7th Infantry Division, land at Jinsen, Korea, to occupy the southern part of the country. Lt. Louis Zamperini, who ran the mile for the U.S. at the 1936 Olympics, is found alive in a Japanese prison camp 28 months after he was given up for dead. In 1943, Zamperini's B-24 was lost on a search mission in the Pacific. Zamperini and the plane's pilot survived 47 days adrift in a raft, then two years in Japanese camps. In Atlantic City, 21-year-old Bess Myerson is named Miss America.

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