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WORLD WAR II // 50 YEARS AGO TODAY

@@ From newspapers of Sept. 15, 1945: Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander in the Philippines during the Bataan "death march," arrives in Tokyo to surrender to the Allies as a war criminal. "I am ready to take responsibility for any act of my subordinates," Homma says. Japanese Premier Prince Higashi-Kuni pleas for Americans to adopt a new attitude toward his nation. "People of America, won't you forget Pearl Harbor?" the prince says. "We Japanese people will forget the picture of devastation wrought by the atomic bomb and will start entirely anew as a peace-loving nation. . . . Let us now bury hate." Chinese Communists say they now control large areas from the Yangtze Valley to areas north and west of Peiping. The Communists continue to fight because "the Japanese and the puppets are fighting us," says Mao Tse-tung, chairman of the Communist executive committee. Poland's government denounces the concordant that has governed relations between the Vatican and Poland since 1925. According to Catholic sources, two priests and a bishop have been arrested on unknown charges and the Bishop of Luck has been deported to the Soviet Union.

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