Bob Dole took command of the Republican race for president Tuesday, racking up eight wins in eight state primaries and knocking one of his three chief rivals, Lamar Alexander, out of the race.
Barring a miracle upset in New York on Thursday, many party leaders said Dole had virtually locked up his party's nomination and won the right to challenge President Clinton in November.
Dole won party primaries in Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Vermont.
Alexander, who had campaigned in Florida Tuesday, was conferring with top aides at the Belleview Mido Resort Hotel in Clearwater when news of his withdrawal leaked out.
Alexander's campaign abruptly canceled his Florida campaign schedule today, which included a 9 a.m. appearance in Largo. (Some regional editions of today's Times that list his appearance at the Bay Area Outlet Mall were printed before the news of his pullout.)
Alexander was under heavy pressure from party leaders to pull out, to help to unify Republicans behind Dole.
Only in Georgia, the largest state to vote, did Pat Buchanan keep the race relatively close. Buchanan was in second place in most states, with Steve Forbes usually running third.
"We need to get the party together and aim at Clinton," a satisfied Dole said. "So far, the guy has had a free ride while we beat each other up, but that is about to change."
Alexander was to fly to Nashville, Tenn., this morning to make a noon statement. "The governor's in good spirits and we're going to be making an announcement tomorrow," Mike Murphy, Alexander's director of communications, said late Tuesday.
Mel Sembler of St. Petersburg, Alexander's national finance co-chairman, also was at the Mido. When asked whether the campaign was over, he said he wanted Alexander to make any announcement.
Buchanan and Forbes vowed to fight on.
"We know it's going to be a tough battle, friends," Buchanan told supporters in Buffalo, N.Y. But he promised to stay in the race all the way to the Republican National Convention.
Two other states held party caucuses Tuesday, but Minnesota awarded no delegates to the convention, and Washington's results were not released.
Buchanan predicted he will do well in the Washington results. His supporters there were angry that state officials decided not to release the results at once.
Forbes, meanwhile, remained as Dole's closest rival in the New York primary to be held Thursday. Forbes is the only candidate on the ballot with Dole statewide.
"We can win in New York and nationwide," Forbes insisted.
Dole's success also knocked another candidate out of the race Tuesday. U.S. Sen. Richard Lugar of Indiana, who never finished higher than fifth or sixth in any primary, is expected to announce the end of his campaign at noon today.
Just one week ago, Dole had appeared vulnerable in the wake of Buchanan's winning New Hampshire and Forbes' winning Arizona.
But on Saturday, Dole turned back Buchanan with a convincing win in South Carolina, setting the stage for Tuesday's landslide of states.
Tuesday's wins gave Dole an overwhelming lead in the number of delegates awarded so far to the party convention in San Diego.
The Associated Press estimated that based on partial results Tuesday night, Dole was leading the race with 273 delegates, followed by Forbes with 69, Buchanan with 51, Alexander with 10, and Alan Keyes with 1.
Unifying the party
Tuesday's wins were a strong sign that Dole is finally beginning to unify the Republican Party and claim the nomination that, only a few months ago, had seemed so inevitable.
He ran into early trouble with Buchanan, who drew support both from moral conservatives and voters concerned about losing their jobs and unfair foreign trade.
South Carolina was the turning point, and it set up Tuesday's win in Georgia. Dole won solidly even among voters who ranked moral concerns as their top issue.
"I think he pushed his rhetoric a bit too far," Warren Tompkins, a senior consultant for Dole's southeastern campaign, said of Buchanan. "I think they were turned off by his manner of playing off people's fears."
Tompkins said Buchanan's protectionist campaign, based on exploiting resentment of closing textiles mills, was irrelevant in a New South filled with new industry. "Maybe in the '60s," he said. "Not the '90s."
Sadie Fields, Buchanan's state director in Georgia, said voters are used to "mush" from politicians these days, not a strongly worded message like Buchanan's. "The American public is not accustomed to that from politicians," she said.
Throughout the states that voted Tuesday, voters of all stripes were coming home to Dole as the candidate with the strongest chance against Clinton in November.
At a polling place in the Garden Hills section on the northside of Atlanta, the senior citizens who voted were decidedly Dole supporters. If Dole's skeptics see a tired old politician, the voters in Garden Hills saw the trustworthiness and experience they demand in a president.
"He's a leader. We just like him and we've been liking him for years and why should we change now," senior citizen Vera Thomas said in her quiet Atlanta drawl.
"I've watched his career and I believe he will be the one to take this country on a strong and steady course," added Reba Pylant, 88.
"As for Alexander," she volunteered, "he had too little of what Buchanan had too much of _ that's fire and brimstone."
Another voter, Martha Haymaker, said she was with Dole because "I think he's less dangerous than the rest of them." Dismissing Buchanan's social agenda, she said, "I don't believe in telling other people how to live."
Coming up next
Dole now has a chance to shut the door completely on his rivals in a series of large-state primaries.
Dole is challenged in New York only by Forbes in all 31 of the state's congressional districts; Buchanan is on the ballot in two-thirds of them.
On Tuesday, called "Super Tuesday," Florida and Texas lead a pack of states that may well decide the nomination.
"Florida plays the undertaker role for all the balance of the candidates, except Dole," Tom Slade, chairman of the Florida Republican Party, said Tuesday. "The final nails in the coffin will be driven in on Super Tuesday."
Slade said Dole might break 50 percent of the vote in Florida.
Buchanan and Forbes, he said, have faded in Florida, as with the rest of the country.
"It's beginning to sober up after a rather intoxicating flirtation, both with Buchanan and Forbes," Slade said. "After that flirtation, I think the trend of Republicans is to go back to the foundation of a proven leader and proceed with Dole."
not back Dole
Buchanan has raised the possibility for the first time publicly that he would not endorse Bob Dole for president if Dole wins the Republican nomination.
In an interview Tuesday with the New York Times, Buchanan drew a distinction between his increasingly bitter race with Dole and his campaign in 1992, when he ultimately threw his support behind President George Bush. "Last time, I made a specific pledge" to support Bush, he said.
His supporters are intensely loyal, and a decision by Buchanan not to support Dole could damage the senator's chances in a general election.
in Tampa Bay
Buchanan is scheduled to appear today at a rally at 1 p.m. at the West Shore Marriott, 1001 N West Shore Blvd., Tampa.
_ Information from the Associated Press and the New York Times was used in this report.
Tuesday's primary results
+ Dole 103,658 44%
Buchanan 51,055 21%
Forbes 49,692 21%
Alexander 23,121 10%
Keyes 8,609 4%
Lugar 1,567 1%
With 96% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 66,644 54%
Forbes 24,283 20%
Buchanan 18,639 15%
Alexander 6,602 5%
Keyes 2,122 2%
Lugar 1,367 1%
Others 2,698 2%
With 97% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 198,347 40%
Buchanan 149,840 30%
Alexander 65,198 13%
Forbes 60,243 12%
Keyes 14,826 3%
Lugar 1,594 0%
Others 2,800 1%
With 92% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 25,927 46%
Buchanan 13,881 25%
Forbes 8,358 15%
Alexander 3,747 7%
Lugar 1,614 3%
Keyes 1,064 2%
Others 1,716 3%
With 86% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 132,650 53%
Buchanan 53,467 21%
Forbes 31,406 13%
Alexander 13,454 5%
Keyes 13,209 5%
Lugar 2,755 1%
Others 2,155 1%
With 97% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 111,286 48%
Buchanan 57,185 25%
Forbes 32,800 14%
Alexander 17,623 8%
Keyes 4,333 2%
Lugar 3,901 2%
Others 4,068 2%
With 79% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 9,249 67%
Alexander 2,759 20%
Lugar 474 3%
Others 1,354 10%
With 100% of the precincts counted
+ Dole 20,458 41%
Buchanan 8,434 17%
Forbes 8,045 16%
Lugar 6,887 14%
Alexander 5,335 11%
Others 451 1%
With 89% of the precincts counted
Note: All figures are rounded
Source: Wire reports
Needed for nomination: 996