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  1. Archive

Key dates in Israel's history

Early 20th century _ Immigration: Escaping European persecution, Jews immigrate to biblical homeland and constitute 11 percent of Palestine population by 1922.

October 1945 _ Resistance: Jews launch rebellion against British rule of Palestine.

Nov. 27, 1948 _ Partition plan: United Nations votes to split Palestine, creating separate Jewish and Arab states. Zionists celebrate, Arabs begin attacks.

May 14, 1948 _ Independence: British troops exit, Israel declares independence. U.S. recognizes state immediately.

May 15, 1948 _ Arab invasion: Arab states begin war against Israel.

July 20, 1949 _ Armistice: War ends. More than 6,000 Jews died. More than 650,000 Palestinians have fled homes in Israel. Israel decides not to let them back.

June 5, 1967 _ Six-Day War: Suspecting an attack, Israel destroys Egyptian air force on the ground. Israel doubles in size, taking the Sinai, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Golan Heights and east Jerusalem _ including the cherished Western Wall.

Nov. 22, 1967 _ Resolution 242: U.N. Security Council unanimously orders Israel to return its occupied land and Arab countries to end their opposition to Israel _ neither happens.

Oct. 6, 1973 _ Yom Kippur War: Egypt attacks Israel, aided by Syria and Jordan. Israel is caught off guard, but recovers lost ground.

Nov. 19, 1977 _ Peace with Egypt: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat visits Jerusalem, leading to peace treaty and return of Sinai to Egypt.

Sept. 13, 1993 _ Oslo Accords: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin agree on eventual Israeli withdrawal from West Bank and Gaza Strip.

_ Cox News Service