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Protect kids from the harmful effects of the sun

Children like to be outside as much as possible during the summer months, but they might be soaking up more sun than is good for them.

Most sun damage occurs by the age of 18, says Dr. Lydia Evans, consulting dermatologist for L'Oreal. She offers these tips for parents to help protect their kids from the harmful effects of the sun:

Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going outside.

Apply the sunscreen to a child's face with your fingers because that offers the best control.

Some spots are easy to miss, so don't forget to cover the ears, the tops of the feet and the back of the shoulders.

Small children should have sunscreen applied before they put on their bathing suits so the skin at the edges of the suit gets covered.

Reapply a water-resistantsunscreen every 90 minutes if your child is swimming.

Make sure children wear sunscreen even in the car, since the sun can penetrate glass.

Go over sunscreen application with child-care providers so that they will be sure to apply it correctly.

UVA and UVB rays are harmful even on a cloudy day, so use a broad-spectrum formula with Parsol 1789, which protects against those ultraviolet rays.