After a four-day walkout that cost the city $10-million, Broadway musicians settled the first strike on the Great White Way in more than a quarter-century Tuesday by agreeing to cut the number of orchestra players a show must hire.
The breakthrough came during an all-night negotiating session set up by Mayor Michael Bloomberg as the walkout by about 325 musicians began costing theaters, restaurants and hotels vital tourism dollars in a city already ailing financially.
"Broadway is no longer dark," Bloomberg said in announcing the agreement that allowed 18 musicals, including The Producers, The Lion King, Mamma Mia! and Hairspray, to resume Tuesday night.
Just one major musical remained open during the strike: Cabaret, which has a different contract because it is performed at Studio 54, the former dance club, rather than in a traditional theater.
Broadway's economic contribution to the city is estimated at more than $4-billion yearly.
The strike, which began Friday and was honored by actors and stagehands, shut down all but one of Broadway's 19 musicals. By Tuesday, it had cost the city $10-million in lost box-office receipts and revenue from other businesses, according to city tourism officials.
At the center of the dispute was the number of musicians required for a Broadway orchestra. The union agreed to reduce the minimum in the 13 largest theaters to 18 or 19 musicians, down from 24 to 26 in the very biggest houses.
"The musicians had a very strongly held artistic belief, and so did the producers, about how to determine the right size orchestra to play for a particular project," said Jed Bernstein, head of the League of American Theatres and Producers. "I think both of us are very confident that we got to a good place."
The mayor brought the sides together after they failed to talk during a long weekend that saw musicians, actors and stagehands on picket lines and disgruntled theatergoers lining up for refunds or ticket exchanges. The final round of negotiations lasted nearly 12 hours.
"Both sides understood that they had to resolve this," union official Bill Dennison said. "There was no escaping finding a solution."
Although the new contract is for four years, the minimum number will remain in effect for a decade, said Bill Moriarity, head of Local 802 of the American Federation of Musicians. Union members will vote on the offer this week, most likely Saturday.
When the strike began, producers vowed to keep shows running and replace the musicians with computer-generated virtual orchestras. But when Actors' Equity, the performers union, and the stagehands refused to cross picket lines, the musicals had to close.
The last time Broadway musicians went on strike was in September 1975; nine musicals were shut down for 25 days.
The producers initially demanded no minimums on the number of musicians per show, then offered seven and later 15. The union charged that producers were trying to save money at the cost of artistic quality.
"I'm glad they settled, but I think it's unfortunate that they had to reduce the minimum," said Glenn Dolan of Millburn, N. J., as he bought two tickets to Man of La Mancha. "I think it will compromise the quality of the sound."
_ Information from the New York Times was used in this report.