1. Archive

What lies beneath

At the bottom of the 174 wooden steps from the Canyon Rim Visitor Center to the lookout on the New River Gorge, Jim Dill removes his woven straw hat, as if he has entered a holy place.

"This is breathtaking," he says softly, as his wife, Rita, begins snapping photos. A few minutes later, he adds: "I can't look enough! I've got a sore neck, twisting my head one direction and then the other."

Dill, of Caldwell, Idaho, is one of about 300,000 people who stop at the New River Gorge National River each year. Most are here just to get a glimpse of the world-famous New River Gorge Bridge and the canyon below. The steel-arch span, the second-longest in the world, is a sight in itself, made famous by jumpers who parachute from its edge at a festival the third Saturday of every October (Oct. 21 this year).

In May, Roads & Bridges magazine ranked it one of the top 10 bridges of all time, in the company of such icons as the Brooklyn Bridge in New York and the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco.

And though they don't yet have the numbers to back up their theory, guides with the National Park Service swear that tourism has increased since the release last year of the West Virginia quarter, a coin bearing the image of the bridge.

But there is more to the New River Gorge than the steel that stretches over it. And there is more to it than the blue and yellow rafts that ply the whitewater below the bridge, carrying 100,000 people a year along Class 4 rapids that qualify as the park's most traveled "trail."

There is the rest of the New, beyond the bridge.

The river begins at a spring in Blowing Rock, N.C., and winds north for 320 miles until it intersects with the Gauley. For 53 miles in West Virginia, it is a national park encompassing 70,000 acres between Fayetteville and Hinton.

The park was created in part to preserve the legacy of coal-mining towns like Kaymoor and Thurmond, though its valleys are now free of the smoke that once belched from coke ovens and freight trains. Today, it offers recreation in many forms, from rock climbing and biking to fishing, birding, swimming and hunting.

Each of the four visitors' centers has something different to offer.

Twelve miles south of Fayetteville, travelers turn off U.S. 19 into the village of Glen Jean, then onto a narrow road that winds for 7 miles through a community of tin-roofed homes that give way to orange lilies exploding from the greenery. A few miles in, a mountain waterfall roars over a stream filled with boulders and lined with moss-covered trees.

Eventually, the road offers up a choice: Left or right. History or nature.

Running parallel to the railroad is a one-lane path that emerges from the trees and crosses a narrow rusting bridge into Thurmond, a boom town turned ghost town.

In the early 1900s, Thurmond's banks were among the wealthiest in the state, and 15 passenger trains a day passed through on the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway. But the Great Depression triggered shutdowns and bank failures, and rail travel began to shift from the steam engines that served the C&O to diesel locomotives that made jobs in the rail yard obsolete.

The proliferation of cars and roads cut deeper into train travel, and when the coal industry began to give out, there was little reason left to travel to Thurmond. Today, it's a monument to a lost way of life.

A few miles away, at the opposite end of the fork, is the Dun Glen recreational area, a little-known stretch of the New with a wide, sandy beach.

Melissa Wilson, 32, of Thayer is camping with her husband, Chris, and three daughters, relishing the peace broken only by a train that passes four times a day.

"A lot of people ought to enjoy this," she says. "It's something else."

"A lot of people just don't know it's there," Chris adds. "They just think that road out there is a road to nowhere."

In a way, it is nowhere. But that's what makes it so appealing, Melissa says. And there is plenty to do.

"You can fish or swim or just sit here under the trees and camp. Where else do you get this kind of peace?" she says.

Still, there is more.

About 25 miles south of Glen Jean, just off Interstate 64, county Route 9 winds for 5 miles between rolling pastures and well-kept homes.

At the end is Grandview, a well-manicured section of the park with playgrounds and pavilions. The longest trail is 3 miles, and the walkway leading to the main overlook is level sandstone, somehow suggesting there is not much to see. But emerge from the tree line, and it's clear there is.

The Grandview overlook is higher than the perch at Canyon Rim, 400 feet above the New, with views that spread for miles and include the town of Quinnimont, where the first coal left the gorge in 1873.

The only sounds are the birds above and the rapids below.

It's only another 20 miles to the southernmost visitor center, Sandstone. The eco-friendly building has a light-colored roof to reflect sunlight, is insulated with recycled cellulose and has a geothermal heating system.

But its highlight is an intricate terrazzo tile floor map of the New River watershed - dark green for park land, white for public land, gray for state parks and forests, and blue for the river.

Few tourists make it this far south, and Sandstone spokesman David Caldwell says even many locals don't realize it's part of the park.

Just a few miles from here, the New drops over a rock shelf in a sheet of water 1,500 feet wide. The park service has built picnic areas, hiking trails and a boardwalk, making it one of the safest and most accessible spots on the river.

"There's just as much nature here as in the other end of the park," Caldwell says, "but here, you go slow enough to see it."


NEW RIVER GORGE NATIONAL RIVER: or (304) 465-0508. Bridge located on U.S. 19 near Fayetteville, W.Va. Free admission. Open every day except Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year's Day.

ACCOMMODATIONS: The park has camping but no lodge. For hotels, motels, inns and cabins in nearby towns, check out Fayetteville at or (304) 574-1500, or the New River Convention & Visitors Bureau, or toll-free 1-800-927-0263.

BRIDGE DAY: On Oct. 21, up to 200,000 spectators will stand on the New River Gorge Bridge and watch some 450 jumpers parachute over six hours from the single-arch span; www.bridgeday. info or

WHITEWATER RAFTING: Rafting on the New, Gauley and three other West Virginia rivers: www.visitwv. com/whitewaterlinks.cfm or (304) 465-5617.

TRAIN TOURS: The Collis P. Huntington Railroad Historical Society runs fall foliage sightseeing trains through the gorge on the old C&O rail line, from Huntington to Hinton; or toll-free 1-866-639-7487.


* Tamarack, the state's arts and crafts showcase, offers regional cuisine, live music and six resident artisans who work in observation studios with textiles, glass, metal, wood, pottery and jewelry. Free admission and parking; www. or toll-free 1-888-262-7225.

* The Beckley Exhibition Coal Mine offers tours by ex-miners of an old mine, April through November. Adults, $15; seniors, $13; children 4-12, $10; or (304) 256-1747.

RECOMMENDED READING: National Public Radio's All Things Considered host Noah Adams, a Kentucky native, explored the New River for the better part of 1997, chronicling its route, its history and its characters in the paperback Far Appalachia (Delta, $14).