A new report by the European Parliament bluntly rejected the assertions by several European countries that they were unaware of a CIA program to secretly abduct, transport and detain terror suspects.
"Many governments cooperated passively or actively" with the CIA, said Giovanni Claudio Fava, who led a special inquiry. "They knew."
The report said that 11 European countries - including Britain, Italy and Germany - knew of the agency's activities.
The report, issued Tuesday in Brussels, Belgium, offered new confirmation of the United States' practice of so-called extraordinary renditions, in which terror suspects were abducted, then transported, with European complicity, to third countries where they might face harsh interrogation methods.
Fava's report followed an inquiry conducted for the Council of Europe, the European human rights watchdog organization. That report, written by Dick Marty, a member of the Swiss Parliament, described what the council called a reprehensible network created by the CIA, one that was allowed to exist through the "intentional or grossly negligent collusion of the European partners."
President Bush confirmed on Sept. 6 that the CIA had been operating a secret detention program.