1. Archive

Excerpts from the Iraq Study Group report

- Attacks against U.S., coalition and Iraqi security forces are persistent and growing. October 2006 was the deadliest month for U.S. forces since January 2005, with 102 Americans killed.

- Violence is increasing in scope, complexity and lethality. ... Sectarian violence ... has become the principal challenge to stability.

- There is significant underreporting of the violence in Iraq. The standard for recording attacks acts as a filter to keep events out of reports and databases. ... For example, on one day in July 2006 there were 93 attacks or significant acts of violence reported. Yet a review of the reports for that single day brought to light 1,100 acts of violence.

- In some parts of Iraq - notably in Baghdad - sectarian cleansing is taking place. The United Nations estimates that 1.6-million are displaced within Iraq, and up to 1.8-million Iraqis have fled the country.

- Robberies, kidnappings and murder are commonplace in much of the country. ... As one knowledgeable American official put it, "If there were foreign forces in New Jersey, Tony Soprano would be an insurgent leader."

- The Iraqi army is making fitful progress toward becoming a reliable and disciplined fighting force loyal to the national government. ... Significant questions remain about the ethnic composition and loyalties of some Iraqi units.

- The entire appropriation for Iraqi defense forces for fiscal year 2006 ($3-billion) is less than the United States spends in Iraq every two weeks.

- Iraqi police cannot control crime and routinely engage in sectarian violence, including the unnecessary detention, torture and targeted execution of Sunni civilians.

- Corruption is rampant. One senior Iraqi official estimated that official corruption costs Iraq $5- to 7-billion per year.