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Lives lost getting the story out

IN AN ERA OF AGGREGATED NEWS when information seems to come from everywhere and yet nowhere, it's easy to forget that facts can't be gathered unless journalists are willing to risk their safety to report from the front lines of where the action is actually happening. At least 60 journalists have died doing their jobs since the beginning of last year. World Press Freedom Day is marked in May, and to take note of the somber occasion here are their names and how they died. The Committee to Protect Journalists compiled this information and keeps details on its website at cpj.org.

16 journalists killed in 2011

Chris Hondros, acclaimed freelance photographer, was killed April 20 in Misrata, Libya, in an explosion.

Tim Hetherington, freelancer and co-director of Restrepo, died in that same explosion.

Karim Fakhrawi, founder of Bahrain's premier independent daily, Al-Wasat, died April 12 in Manama, Bahrain, in state custody a week after he was detained, according to news reports.

Zakariya Rashid Hassan al-Ashiri, who wrote for a local news website in his home village of Al-Dair, Bahrain, died there April 9 under mysterious circumstances while in government custody, regional and international news media reported.

Sabah al-Bazi, a correspondent for Al-Arabiya, was killed when gunmen wearing military uniforms seized control of a provincial government building in Tikrit, Iraq, on March 29.

Muammar Khadir Abdelwahad, 39, a correspondent for Al-Ayn news agency, was killed when gunmen wearing military uniforms seized control of a provincial government building in Tikrit.

Luis Emanuel Ruiz Carrillo, a photographer forLa Prensa, was murdered on March 25 in Monterrey, Mexico. He was found with gunshots to the head, probably fired by a drug cartel.

Mohammed al-Nabbous, who launched Libya Al-Hurra TV online, died March 19 in Benghazi in a cross fire while covering a battle.

Jamal al-Sharaabi, a photojournalist for the independent weekly Al-Masdar, was one of at least 44 civilians killed March 18, in Sana'a, Yemen, when government security forces opened fire on a peaceful demonstration in a square outside the main gate of Sana'a University.

Ali Hassan al-Jaber, a cameraman for Al-Jazeera, died March 13 near Benghazi, Libya, during an ambush.

Mohamed al-Hamdani, a correspondent for Al-Itijah satellite TV in Al-Anbar province, was killed while covering a religious celebration in a cultural center in Ramadi, Iraq, on Feb. 24 when a young suicide bomber blew himself up.

Ahmad Mohamed Mahmoud, with the Al-Ta'awun newspaper, was killed on Feb. 4 in Cairo. His wife said a sniper shot him as he was filming a confrontation from his office balcony.

Le Hoang Hung, a reporter for the newspaper Nguoi Lao Dong in Vietnam, died in a Ho Chi Minh City hospital 10 days after an unknown assailant entered his house in Tan An town, dousing him with chemicals and setting him ablaze.

Gerardo Ortega, radio talk show host for DWAR, was shot in the back of the head on Jan. 24 while shopping in Puerto Princesa City, Philippines. The alleged gunman said it was a contract killing for which he had been paid $3,370.

Lucas Mebrouk Dolega, who worked for the European Pressphoto Agency, died Jan. 17 in Tunis, Tunisia. He was struck in the head by a tear-gas canister while covering protests.

Wali Khan Babar of Geo TV was killed Jan. 13 in Karachi, Pakistan, shortly after filing a report about gangland clashes in Karachi's Liaquatabad district. His car was intercepted in traffic and he was shot in the head several times.

44 journalists killed in 2010

Alfrets Mirulewan, Pelangi Weekly, was killed Dec. 17 in Kisar, Maluku Islands, Indonesia. His bruised body was found on a remote beach. He had been looking into allegations of unlawful fuel sales.

Omar Rasim al-Qaysi, an anchor for satellite station Al-Anbar TV, was killed Dec. 12 in Ramadi in a suicide bomb attack.

Pervez Khan, who worked for Waqt TV, was among 50 people killed in a double-suicide bomb attack Dec. 6 in Ghalanai, Pakistan, the country's Mohmand tribal district near the restive border with Afghanistan, according to international news reports.

Abdul Wahab, who worked for Express News, died in that same attack on Dec. 6.

Carlos Alberto Guajardo Romero, of Expreso Matamoros, was killed onNov. 5, in Matamoros, Mexico, in a cross fire between military forces and drug traffickers in the border city.

Francisco Gomes de Medeiros of Radio Caico was killed on Oct. 18, in Caico, Brazil, by a gunman on a motorcycle who shot him five times in front of his home.

Tahrir Kadhim Jawad, a freelancer, was killed on Oct. 4, in Garma, Iraq, when a bomb attached to his car exploded as he was on his way to deliver footage to Baghdad, about 50 miles away.

Luis Carlos Santiago, a photographer with the daily El Diario, was shot by unidentified gunmen in the parking lot of a shopping mall in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

Misri Khan,Ausaf and Mashriq, on Sept. 14, in Hangu, Pakistan, was shot several times by gunmen lying in wait as he entered the press club building in Hangu, a volatile town near the border with Afghanistan.

Paul Kiggunduof TOP Radio and TV was beaten to death on Sept. 11 in an area outside Kalisizio, Uganda, by motorcycle taxi drivers.

Safa al-Din Abdel Hamid of the TV station Al-Mosuliya was killed on Sept. 8 in Mosul, Iraq, by gunmen who fired from a speeding car as he was leaving for work.

Riad al-Saray, an anchor for state-owned Al-Iraqiya TV, was killed on Sept. 7 when gunmen opened fire on his car in western Baghdad.

Ejaz Raisani of Samaa TV died on Sept. 6, in Quetta, Pakistan, from gunshots he suffered three days earlier while covering a rally that turned violent.

Alberto Graves Chakussanga,presenter of a weekly current affairs program on private Radio Despertar, was shot dead in his home on Sept. 5 in Luanda, Angola.

Aleh Byabenin,founder and director of the Minsk-based pro-opposition news website Charter 97, was found hanged in a stairway in his summer house outside Minsk, the capital of Belarus, on Sept. 3. That he committed suicide is suspect.

Barkhat Awale, director of the community station Hurma Radio, was on the roof of the station helping a technician fix a transmitter when he was struck in the abdomen by a stray bullet from nearby fighting and killed on Aug. 24, in Mogadishu, Somalia.

Ridwan Salamun, a correspondent for Sun TV, was covering violent clashes between local villagers in the southeastern Tual area of the Maluku Islands, Indonesia, on Aug. 21 when he was stabbed repeatedly.

Assaf Abu Rahal, a reporter for the Lebanese daily Al-Akhbar, was killed during a border clash between Israeli and Lebanese military forces near the southern town of Al-Adaysseh on Aug. 3.

Ardiansyah Matra'is, a reporter for the local broadcaster Merauke TV, had been covering plans for a large agribusiness development in Merauke, Indonesia, when he was killed on July 30. He body was found near a river.

Vijay Pratap Singh, a senior correspondent for the daily Indian Express, died of injuries suffered in a July 12 bombing in Allahabad, India.

Sokratis Giolias, who worked for Thema 98.9 radio and the Troktiko website, was shot and killed on July 19, in Athens, Greece, by two unidentified men in police uniforms.

Jean-Leonard Rugambage, acting editor of the independent tabloid Umuvugizi, was shot twice in the neck as he drove through the gate of his home on June 26, in Kigali, Rwanda.

James P. Hunter, Fort Campbell Courier, U.S. military publications, was killed by an improvised explosive device while covering his unit's foot patrols in Kandahar, Afghanistan, on June 24.

Joselito Agustin of DZJC was killed on June 16, in Baccara, Philippines, when two gunmen on motorcycles shot him four times as he was returning from work.

Desidario Camangyan of Sunrise FM was shot from behind, at close range, while hosting an amateur singing contest on June 14 in Manay, Philippines.

Ejazul Haq, a technician for the local Lahore, Pakistan, cable station City-42 TV, was killed on May 28 while working at the scene of an armed attack on a Muslim minority Ahmadi mosque. He was reporting live via cell phone from the scene. The shots that had struck him could be heard on the air.

Fabio Polenghi, an Italian freelance photographer, was struck by gunfire on the morning of May 19 in Bangkok, Thailand, while reporting on military operations to dislodge anti-government demonstrators from an elaborate protest site.

Ghulam Rasool Birhamani, a reporter for the Daily Sindhu Hyderabad, was found dead outside his hometown of Wahi Pandhi, Sindh province, Pakistan, on May 10, a day after he had been reported kidnapped.

Sardasht Osman, a freelancer, was found shot to death on May 5, in Mosul, Iraq.

Sheikh Nur Mohamed Abkey, a veteran Radio Mogadishu journalist, was shot dead by three gunmen near his home May 4 in the southern Mogadishu district of Wardhigley, Somalia.

Sunday Gyang Bwede, a journalist for theLight Bearer, the monthly newspaper of the Church of Christ in Nigeria, was driving to an assignment when he was attacked by a mob in Jos, capital of central Plateau state, on April 24.

Nathan S. Dabak, deputy editor for the Light Bearer, died in that same mob attack.

Germain Cyrille Ngota Ngota, editor of the private bimonthly Cameroon Express, died in his cell in Kondengui Prison, on April 22, in Yaounde, Cameroon. He had been arrested in February based on a criminal complaint from top presidential aide.

Azamat Ali Bangash, a cameraman and correspondent for Pakistani broadcaster Samaa TV, was killed April 17 in a suicide bombing while covering food distribution in a refugee camp near Orakzai, Pakistan, in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas near the border with Afghanistan.

Malik Arif, who worked for Samaa TV, was killed on April 16, in Quetta, Pakistan, in a suicide bombing at a hospital.

Hiro Muramoto,Reuters, was shot in the chest on April 10 in Bangkok's Old Town area while covering armed clashes between security forces and red-shirted protesters with the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship.

Clodomiro Castilla Ospino, editor and publisher of the local newsmagazine El Pulso del Tiempo, was reading a book outside his home at 9 p.m. when he was shot by an unidentified gunman in the northern city of Monteria, Colombia, on March 19.

Nahum Palacios Arteaga, TV Channel 5 anchor, was killed on March 14, in Tocoa, Honduras, by men who lay in wait at his home.

David Meza Montesinos, renowned street reporter for Radio El Patio, Radio America and Channel 45, was killed on March 11, in La Ceiba, Honduras, after a car chase through the city's streets.

Joseph Hernandez Ochoa, host for Tegucigalpa-based Channel 51, was driving a colleague home when two unidentified gunmen fired on them in a neighborhood known as El Chile, in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, on March 1.

Muhammad al-Rabou'e,Al-Qahira, died on Feb. 13, in Beni Qais, Yemen, when five individuals burst into his home and shot him.

Rupert Hamer,veteran war correspondent for theSunday Mirror, was killed while embedded with a U.S. Marine unit. He was traveling in an armored vehicle on Jan. 10, near Nawa, Afghanistan, when it was hit by a roadside bomb. A U.S. Marine was also killed.

Stanislas Ocloo, a contributor to sports programs on Togo's national broadcaster Television Togolaise, was one of two passengers killed when hooded gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying the Togolese soccer team through the restive northwestern enclave of Cabinda, Angola, Jan. 9, at the start of the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations.

Valentin Valdes Espinosa, a general assignment reporter for the newspaper Zocalo de Saltillo, was abducted in downtown Saltillo, Mexico, on Jan. 8 after several men in two sport utility vehicles intercepted the vehicle in which he was riding. His body was found the next morning. He had been shot several times, his arms and legs had been bound, and his body showed evidence of torture. A handwritten message found alongside his body read: "This is going to happen to those who don't understand. The message is for everyone."

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