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Tensions have risen since bin Laden's death.
Published May 16, 2011

Associated Press

KABUL, Afghanistan - U.S. Sen. John Kerry warned Sunday that already shaky U.S.-Pakistani relations have reached a critical juncture as calls grow in the United States to cut some of the billions of dollars in aid to Islamabad after al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden's killing.

Kerry, who spoke in Afghanistan before traveling to Pakistan, said sober and serious discussion was needed to resolve the widening rift amid growing suspicion that Pakistan's security forces were complicit in harboring al-Qaida's leader, who was killed May 2 in a raid by U.S. Navy SEALs not far from Islamabad.

For its part, Pakistan is angry that it was not told about the raid in Abbottabad until after it was completed. That prompted accusations that its sovereignty had been violated.

Kerry is chairman of the influential Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the most senior U.S. official to travel to Pakistan since the raid occurred. He sounded a positive tone.

"I think for the moment we want to be hopeful and optimistic that we can work our way through this, get over this hiccup, and find a positive path forward," he said.

But he made clear that patience was running thin in Washington after it was discovered that the terror leader had been living for years in a compound in a military garrison town that includes Pakistan's equivalent of West Point.

"I think the important thing here is not to get into a recriminatory finger-pointing, accusatory back and forth. The important thing is to understand that major, significant events have taken place in last days that have a profound impact on what we have called the war on terror, a profound impact on our relationship as a result," Kerry told reporters in the Afghan capital.

He added that "we need to find a way to march forward if it is possible. If it is not possible, there are a set of downside consequences that can be profound." He did not elaborate.

There are growing calls in the U.S. House and Senate to cut billions of dollars in aid to Pakistan.

In an indication of the seriousness of the visit, Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari, Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani and the army chief, Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, met ahead of Kerry's arrival later Sunday.

Much is at stake. The United States needs Pakistan's cooperation if it hopes to find a solution to the Afghan war and help a reconciliation process that hopes to fashion a nonmilitary solution to the Taliban insurgency. It also needs Pakistan's military help against insurgents using its lawless tribal areas to stage attacks against American, coalition and Afghan forces.

The Untied States also needs to ensure that nuclear-armed Pakistan does not succumb to rising Islamic extremism and its own tenacious insurgency, which has cost the lives of thousands of soldiers and civilians.

Pakistan also has much to lose. Its failing economy desperately needs American and other foreign aid. Since 2002, Pakistan has received more than $20 billion from the United States, making the country one of the largest U.S. aid recipients, according to the Congressional Research Service. Nearly $9 billion of that has been in the form of reimbursements for Pakistan's costs to support the U.S.-led military campaign in Afghanistan.

Although he lauded Pakistani help in the past, including allowing American intelligence personnel to operate in Pakistan, Kerry said he was concerned about some of Pakistan's actions.

Kerry said that during a visit to Khost province, on the eastern border with Pakistan, he was briefed on Taliban and insurgent havens just across the frontier in North Waziristan used to launch attacks. The Pakistani military has so far not gone after the havens.

"Yes, there are insurgents coming across the border," Kerry said. "Yes, they are operating out of North Waziristan and other areas of the sanctuaries. And yes, there is some evidence of Pakistan government knowledge of some of these activities in ways that are very disturbing. That will be without any question one of the subjects of conversation."

Kerry's trip also comes as Pakistani leaders, military officials, the Parliament and Islamic hard-liners increase their criticism of the U.S. raid and frequent drone strikes against militants.

Parliament has threatened to stop U.S. and NATO supply convoys if the strikes continue.

Afghan outlook

Osama bin Laden's death will allow "a new phase" in the United States' relationship with Afghanistan, one that could include reductions in troops and spending, Sen. John Kerry said while visiting Kabul on Sunday. "We're at a critical moment where we may be able to transition at a greater speed," he said.

New York Times