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OBITUARIES

Elinor Ostrom, 78, an Indiana University professor of political science and the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in economics, in 2009, died of cancer on June 12 in Bloomington. Her work examined how people collaborate and organize themselves to manage common resources like forests or fisheries, even when governments are not involved.

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Anna J. Schwartz, 96, a research economist who wrote monumental works on U.S. financial history in collaboration with Nobel laureate Milton Friedman while remaining largely in his shadow, died on Thursday in New York. Their main collaboration, A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960, is considered a classic.

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William S. Knowles, 95, who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2001 for improving ways to manufacture drugs, including L-dopa for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, died on June 13 in Chesterfield, Mo.

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Phillip V. Tobias, 86, a South African paleoanthropologist whose meticulous analyses of fossil remains helped identify extinct species of apelike creatures related to humans, and who boldly spoke out against apartheid, died on June 7 in Johannesburg.

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Frank Cady, 96, a character actor best known for playing the down-home shopkeeper, Sam Drucker, on the popular 1960s sitcoms Petticoat Junction and Green Acres, died on June 8 in Wilsonville, Ore.

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Richard F. Stolz, 86, a career intelligence officer who was called out of retirement in 1987 to run the CIA's spying operations and cleanse its image after the Iran-Contra scandal, died on June 9 in Williamsburg, Va.

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F. Herbert Bormann, 90, a plant ecologist whose research with colleagues in a New Hampshire forest in 1971 documented a new environmental horror in the United States - acid rain - died of a lung infection on June 7 in North Branford, Conn.

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Andrew Sarris, 83, one of the nation's most influential film critics and a champion of auteur theory, which holds that a director's voice is central to great filmmaking, died of a stomach virus on Wednesday in New York. He wrote for the Village Voice and the New York Observer.

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