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OBITUARIES

E.L. Konigsburg, 83, a children's author and illustrator who twice received the nation's highest award in children's literature, died of a stroke on April 19 in Falls Church, Va. She won in 1968 for From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler and in 1997 for The View From Saturday.

Francois Jacob, 92, a French war hero whose combat wounds forced him to change his career paths from surgeon to scientist, a pursuit that led to a Nobel Prize in 1965 for his role in discovering how genes are regulated, died April 19 in Paris.

Shakuntala Devi, 83, an Indian mathematical wizard known as "the human computer" for her ability to make incredibly swift calculations, died on April 21 in Bangalore, India. In 1977, at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, she extracted the 23rd root of a 201-digit number in 50 seconds, beating a Univac computer, which took 62 seconds.

Bob Perry, 80, a home builder who was one of the largest Republican campaign donors in Texas and the nation, gaining notoriety in 2004 as the top contributor to the "Swift Boat" ad campaign attacking John Kerry, the Democratic presidential nominee, died on April 13 in Nassau Bay, Texas. He gave at least $75 million over his lifetime.

Howard J. Phillips, 72, a pillar of conservative activism who ran for president three times on the ticket of a party he helped found, the U.S. Taxpayers Party, later renamed the Constitution Party, died on April 20 in Vienna, Va.

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