WASHINGTON - President Barack Obama and congressional leaders sought Thursday to move beyond the cycle of crisis that has paralyzed Washington for three years, initiating talks over the broad issues at the heart of their fight: the size of government and the level of federal taxation.
Neither Republicans nor Democrats held out much hope that the talks would produce an ambitious deal to spur economic growth or tame the $16.7 trillion national debt. But senior Republicans - whose party suffered in opinion polls after forcing the second-longest government shutdown in U.S. history - said they are unlikely to use that lever to challenge Obama again.
"There's a country saying in Kentucky: There's no education in the second kick of the mule," Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said when asked whether another shutdown is possible when the latest government-funding bill runs out in January.
Democrats, meanwhile, noted that Republicans this week agreed to raise the debt limit without extracting concessions - the second time that has happened since the GOP's reputation was battered by the debt-limit standoff of 2011. At the White House, the Republican surrender raised hopes that Obama's presidency would no longer be dominated by endless partisan battles over the budget.
"Now that the government is reopened, and this threat to our economy is removed, all of us need to stop focusing on the lobbyists and the bloggers and the talking heads on radio and the professional activists who profit from conflict, and focus on what the majority of Americans sent us here to do, and that's grow this economy," Obama said at the White House.
He urged Congress to complete an overhaul of the nation's immigration laws and a rewrite of federal farm policy, as well as adopt a budget.
"I understand we will not suddenly agree on everything now that the cloud of crisis has passed," Obama said. But "I will look for willing partners wherever I can to get important work done."
As Obama spoke, official Washington slowly came back to life after 16 days in shutdown. At the U.S. Capitol, a worker wound the historic Ohio Clock, which had stopped ticking on the shutdown's eighth day.
Congressional budget leaders met over bagels and cream cheese to begin the difficult work of forging compromise. The agreement struck this week to raise the debt limit until February and fund the government through Jan. 15 calls for a conference committee to resolve differences between separate blueprints for fiscal 2014 adopted by the Republican House and the Democratic Senate.
For much of this year, House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan, R-Wis., resisted going to conference with Democrats, saying he wanted to wait until he had maximum leverage to seek spending cuts and an overhaul of the tax code. That leverage was Obama's need for Congress to raise the debt limit.
But the debt-limit fight was hijacked by GOP hard-liners more interested in rolling back Obama's landmark expansion of health coverage, and Ryan's moment was lost.
Late Wednesday, he voted against the measure to reopen the government. But at breakfast Thursday, he held out hope that he and Senate Budget Committee Chairman Patty Murray, D-Wash., could find common ground and report a budget plan by Dec. 13.
Democrats, meanwhile, were looking forward to the debate, which will begin in earnest during the last week of the month, when the Senate returns from a weeklong break.
The Democrats' budget would restore funding to federal agencies by replacing deep automatic cuts known as the sequester, in part with a large infusion of new tax revenue from the rich. The Ryan budget would not raise taxes and would balance in 10 years, but only by canceling the benefits of the Affordable Care Act while keeping its tax hikes and Medicare cuts.
Ryan would also cut spending by domestic agencies to levels so low that even some House Republicans balked at approving funding bills based on his framework.
On Thursday, McConnell found the outlook for compromise gloomy.
"If you're trying to look ahead to January and February, the issues will be the same. And the views will be the same," he said. "And it will be difficult to get an outcome."