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COULD A MINIMUM-WAGE EARNER IN 1978 EARN ENOUGH IN A SUMMER TO PAY A FULL YEAR'S TUITION?

Published Aug. 11, 2014

"In 1978, a student who worked a minimum-wage summer job could afford to pay a year's full tuition at the 4-year public university of their choice."

Facebook posts on Thursday, August 7th, 2014 in a meme on social media

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THE RULING: MOSTLY TRUE

Everything was better in the old days, apparently -- including the chore of paying for college, at least according to a social media meme sent to us recently by a reader.

The meme -- created by OurTime.org, an advocacy group for young Americans -- said, "In 1978, a student who worked a minimum-wage summer job could afford to pay a year's full tuition at the 4-year public university of their choice."

Really? We figured this was worth a look.

First, the minimum wage. Starting on Jan. 1, 1978, the minimum wage was $2.65. Someone working at the minimum wage for 13 weeks, and 40 hours per week, in the summer of 1978 would have ended up with $1,378 for their labors.

For the tuition they would have faced in the 1978-79 school year, we turned to figures from the National Center for Education Statistics, the federal government's repository of education data.

The cost of tuition and fees (in that year's dollars, not adjusted for inflation) was $688 for in-state residents attending a four-year, public university.

So the meme's claim is correct except for a few caveats -- two minor and one more significant:

- The cost of tuition and fees plus room and board was significantly higher that year -- $2,145 -- but the meme was careful to cite "tuition" only, so we'll ignore the impact of room and board.

- The tuition-and-fees figure we used is a national average, so some states may have had in-state tuition rates out of reach of minimum wage workers.

- The meme's only notable failing has to do with overly broad wording -- specifically its use of the phrase "of their choice." The data we used refers to in-state tuition, meaning that the student would have access to this sweet tuition rate only at their home-state university. That's not the same thing as "of their choice."

Our ruling

The meme said that "in 1978, a student who worked a minimum-wage summer job could afford to pay a year's full tuition at the 4-year public university of their choice."

If you use the national average the figure is correct. The only problem is the part about a university "of their choice." The data is correct for in-state tuition -- not for any university in the country, where out-of-state rates may well have kicked up the tuition amount beyond a summer's minimum-wage haul.

On balance, we rate the claim Mostly True.

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About this statement:

Published: Friday, August 8th, 2014 at 12:09 p.m.

Subjects: Corrections and Updates, Education, Income, Workers

Sources: OurTime.org, social media meme, July 31, 2014; National Center for Education Statistics, "Average undergraduate tuition and fees and room and board rates charged for full-time students in degree-granting institutions, by level and control of institution: 1969-70 through 2011-12," accessed Aug. 7, 2014; U.S. Department of Labor, "History of Federal Minimum Wage Rates Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938 - 2009," accessed Aug. 7, 2014; Email interview with Carly Lindauer, spokeswoman for the College Board, Aug. 7, 2014

Researched by: Louis Jacobson

Edited by: Angie Drobnic Holan