Many economists predict 2014 will see more investors retrenching and more buyers putting roofs over their own heads. That's not the only big change ahead. Home prices are expected to stabilize this year, while home building will be more frenetic. • "The housing market has staged a spectacular recovery over the past year," Cal State Fullerton economists Anil Puri and Mira Farka wrote in their 2014 economic forecast. "More recent data, however, point to a softening of these trends." • Here are the top real estate trends we're likely to see nationally in 2014.
You can expect to see more people putting their homes up for sale this year, as rising prices bring new equity to underwater homeowners.
Other property owners also may take the opportunity to get their lives off hold and take advantage of higher home prices.
Another factor: New home construction is expected to increase further this year, boosting options for home shoppers.
New home sales to rise
Nationwide, forecasters expect the number of housing starts to range from 1.19 million to 1.25 million, up from 975,500 in 2013.
Builders are compensating for years of sub-par construction levels, said Robert Denk, an economist with the National Association of Home Builders. "There's a huge construction deficit," he said.
An increase in home building means that new home sales should go up, too.
When construction levels fell, "buyers were forced into resale homes," said Irvine, Calif., housing consultant Mark Boud. Many buyers prefer newer homes, which have the latest designs and are more energy-efficient.
"The reason (new home) sales will increase is we are supplying more product," Boud said.
Mortgage rates to rise
Interest rates for 30-year fixed mortgages likely will rise this year, averaging somewhere in the 4.9 to 5.3 percent range, forecasters say.
That's still low historically, but well above rates for the past 2 1/2 years.
The average rate for a 30-year fixed mortgage had been solidly below 4 percent since late 2011. Last summer, it spiked to 4.5 percent.
The Federal Reserve's decision last month to start reducing purchases of Treasury and mortgage-backed bonds likely will push up mortgage rates. But not wildly.
"Rates are not going to soar because we're still in a pretty weak economic recovery," Denk said. "When the dust settles, (rates) are still a bargain."
Credit may get easier
After years of tight lending standards, borrowers definitely will have an easier time getting mortgages, said Svenja Gudell, director of economic research for housing website Zillow.
After last summer's 1-percentage-point increase in mortgage rates, the refinancing business dried up for lenders.
"They want to fill that void with purchase money loans," Gudell said. That may mean lenders approve loans to borrowers with lower credit scores or higher debt.
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"So we'll see a lot of people who couldn't get a mortgage in 2013 able to get a mortgage in 2014," she said.
Others, however, aren't so sure.
For one thing, new federal lending standards went into effect on Jan. 10, meaning that some borrowers will get more scrutiny and less money. The new rules will have little effect in most cases, Gudell said, since most loans already meet the new standards.
But Chapman University economist Esmael Adibi said lenders will have more leeway with the loans they plan to hold in their portfolios. Tougher standards still will apply for loans that financial institutions plan to sell to mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac or elsewhere on the "secondary" mortgage market.
"Banks are eager to boost their lending," Adibi said. "However, rates and requirements depend on the type of financial institution (offering the mortgage)."
Commercial recovery lags
Forecasters say vacancies will drop and rents will rise this year in office buildings, shopping centers, factories and warehouses. More deals will get done and sale prices for buildings likely will go up.
Nonetheless, the rate of recovery is expected to remain at moderate levels for commercial real estate.
Commercial real estate recovery "tends to lag broader economic growth," said Deloitte & Touche's 2014 outlook.
Nationally, commercial rent increases are projected in the 2.2 to 2.5 percent range this year, according to the National Association of Realtors.