1. Florida Politics
  2. /
  3. The Buzz

Florida’s under-70 population now majority-minority

U.S. Census estimates reveal a new reality: Non-Hispanic white people make up only 49.9 percent of those younger than 70 in Florida.
Francis Ntumngia, 42, a native of Cameroon holds his three-year-old son Nevada Ntumngia in his lap during his naturalization ceremony in Tampa in July. Immigration is just one factor behind Florida's growing Hispanic and black populations. [OCTAVIO JONES | Times]
Published Jun. 20
Updated Jun. 25

The majority of Floridians under 70 are now people of color, according to Census population estimates released Thursday.

White, non-Hispanic people still make up 53.5 percent of all Florida residents but just 49.9 percent of those younger than 70 years old.

Florida crossed this demographic threshold in 2018, according to estimates of the nation’s population on July 1 of that year, part of a national trend of increasing racial diversity.

In total, the state was home to 21,299,325 people as of July 1, trailing only California and Texas. Florida’s racial minorities totaled 9,900,155 people. On their own, the state’s racial minorities would form the nation’s 11th-largest state, nearly as populous as Michigan.

Hispanic and black people still make up the state’s largest ethnic and racial minority groups. As of 2018, Florida was 26.1 percent Hispanic (of any race) and 15.5 percent black, non-Hispanic.

The Census considers whether a person is Hispanic as a question of ethnicity, separate from race. In Census records, each person is listed as Hispanic or not, and can list a race such as white or black (or multiple races).

Florida’s total population is still growing fast, driven by Hispanic and black people.

Since 2010, the United States has seen 6 percent population growth. In Florida, that rate is twice as high, 13 percent.

The trend is almost entirely among people of color. Nationally, the white, non-Hispanic population is essentially stagnant, up less than a tenth of a percent since 2010. For everyone else the growth rate is 16 percent.

Florida is seeing population growth among white people (4 percent over the same period). But that is far below the 25 percent growth among minority groups.

The demographic shift is perhaps best exemplified by Osceola County, in Central Florida. Already home to more than 350,000 people in 2017, the county was second in the state in population growth in the following year, seeing 4.3 percent growth (or more than 15,000 people). At the same time, Osceola County is becoming rapidly more Hispanic. Its Hispanic population grew by a whopping 65 percent since 2010 and 7 percent over the last year, both about twice as fast as the Hispanic growth rate in Florida overall.

One factor that may be reflected in the numbers is 2017’s Hurricane Maria, the most destructive hurricane to hit modern Puerto Rico. This is the first Census data to estimate population change by race and county after the storm, which sent thousands of Puerto Rican families to central Florida, as evidenced by school enrollments.

Across all racial groups, America’s population is getting older.

All states except one (North Dakota) saw increasing median ages between 2010 and 2018.

"More than 4 out of every 5 counties were older in 2018 than in 2010. This aging is driven in large part by baby boomers crossing over the 65-year-old mark. Now, half of the U.S. population is over the age of 38.2," Luke Rogers, the Census Bureau’s Chief of the Population Estimates Branch said in a news release.

Again, Florida was home to the nation’s oldest county with at least 20,000 people. Sumter County, where The Villages community draws a seemingly endless supply of retirees, has a median age of 67.8.


  1. Democratic presidential candidates from left, Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, D-Hawaii, Sen. Amy Klobuchar, D-Minn., South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., former Vice President Joe Biden, Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., former technology executive Andrew Yang and investor Tom Steyer participate in a Democratic presidential primary debate, Wednesday, Nov. 20, 2019, in Atlanta. (AP Photo/John Bazemore) JOHN BAZEMORE  |  AP
    Seventeen candidates remain in the race, but only 10 Democrats qualified to make it on stage in Atlanta for the fifth Democratic debate.
  2. Gov. Ron DeSantis and Barbara Lagoa, who is the first Hispanic nominated by President Donald Trump to be confirmed for a U.S. Court of Appeals vacancy out of 48 judges. Miami Herald
    “Trump’s already had five appointees to the court, it’s already a much more conservative court than before and it might be the second most conservative court in the country,” said one law professor.
  3. Democratic presidential candidate South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks during the Iowa Democratic Party's Liberty and Justice Celebration, Friday, Nov. 1, 2019, in Des Moines, Iowa. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik) NATI HARNIK  |  AP
    The latest Democratic debate, hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post, will take place amid impeachment hearings in Washington.
  4. FILE - In this Thursday, Feb. 22, 2018 file photo, Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi speaks to reporters outside the West Wing of the White House in Washington, after meeting with President Donald Trump about about responses to school shootings. Bondi is preparing to defend Trump against accusations that he pressured a foreign government to aid his re-election campaign. And she’s stepping down from a lobbying where she represented foreign interests (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File) J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE  |  AP
    The special advisor to President Trump incorrectly stated Sondland’s role while appearing on national TV ahead of the EU ambassador’s testimony.
  5. On the left, NASA graphic of space junk in low Earth orbit. On the right, the view from further out. (NASA ODPO) NASA ODPO
    The U.S. Defense Department is tracking over 22,000 objects about the size of a softball or larger.
  6. Yesterday• Hillsborough
    U.S. Rep. Ross Spano, R- Dover, when he served in the Florida House in 2017, SCOTT KEELER  |  Times
    Spano has become a vociferous Trump defender and is comparing the investigation of his own 2018 campaign financing to the impeachment, which he calls a partisan sham.
  7. United States Air Force veteran Daniel Carmichael, of Inverness, shares his opinion before a meeting of the Board of County Commissioners of Citrus County on Tuesday, November 19, 2019, at the Citrus County Courthouse in Inverness, where the Citrus County Commission is expected to render a decision on whether to get digital subscriptions for the New York Times for all 70,000 of the county library cardholders. DOUGLAS R. CLIFFORD  |  TImes
    After two hours of debate, a motion to move forward with digital subscriptions for library cardholders fails 3-2.
  8. Gov. Ron DeSantis speaks at pre-legislative news conference on Tuesday Oct. 29, 2019, in Tallahassee, Fla. (AP Photo/Steve Cannon) STEVE CANNON  |  AP
    He’s got a new voucher proposal, as well.
  9. FILE - This March 28, 2017, file photo, provided by the New York State Sex Offender Registry, shows Jeffrey Epstein. Two correctional officers responsible for guarding Jeffrey Epstein the night before he took his own life are expected to face criminal charges this week for falsifying prison records. That’s according to two people familiar with the matter. The federal charges could come as soon as Tuesday and are the first in connection with Epstein’s death.. (New York State Sex Offender Registry via AP, File) AP
    “The FBI is involved and they are looking at criminal enterprise, yes,” said the nation’s top prisons administrator to Senators on Tuesday.
  10. The David A. Straz Jr. Center for the Performing Arts illuminated its new sign for the first time on Dec. 6, 2010. Times (2010)
    The historic donation that renamed the Tampa Bay Performing Arts Center is still impacting Tampa Bay’s arts community.