1. Florida Politics
  2. /
  3. The Buzz

Will Florida lawmakers finally pass an anti-LGBTQ discrimination bill next year?

Lawmakers have tried for nearly a decade to change the law, but Republican leadership has prevented even a hearing.
Equality Florida volunteers rally in Tallahassee on July 17 to celebrate a court ruling striking down Florida's gay marriage ban.
Published Oct. 4
Updated Oct. 4

In much of Florida, your boss can fire you, or choose not to hire you, for being gay, bisexual or transgender.

More than four years after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled same-sex marriage to be legal, blatant discrimination is perfectly legal.

A bipartisan group of state lawmakers, backed by big business, is — again — trying to change that.

Multiple Tampa Bay-area legislators have introduced bills for the 2020 legislative session that would prohibit businesses from discriminating against their employees on the basis of gender identity or sexual orientation.

Both Senate Bill 206, sponsored by Sen. Darryl Rouson, D-St. Petersburg, and House Bill 161 would amend the state’s Civil Rights Act of 1992 to prohibit such discrimination. (The act already prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, national origin, age or handicap.)

The bills also would prohibit businesses and landlords from discriminating for those same reasons, but the language allows for discrimination for religious reasons.

For nearly a decade, lawmakers have tried to pass an anti-LGBTQ discrimination bill, but the efforts have made little traction in Florida’s GOP-controlled Legislature.

“That is the perennial question: Is this the year?” said Jon Harris Maurer, public policy director for Equality Florida, which advocates on behalf of the LGBTQ community.

The organization, created in 1997 as Republicans began their two-decade hold on Tallahassee, has seen a remarkable shift in attitudes among the public and lawmakers.

The issue has widespread bipartisan support with recent polling showing nearly 70 percent of both Americans and Floridians back protections against anti-LGBTQ discrimination. Twenty states have already passed similar legislation.

According to Equality Florida, 60 percent of Floridians are protected from discrimination by ordinances passed by cities and counties, including Hillsborough and Pinellas and all three counties in South Florida.

Dubbed the “Competitive Workforce Act,” lawmakers are selling the legislation as not just the right thing to do, but as a way to lure businesses to Florida.

Some of the biggest political donors in the state, such as Disney and NextEra Energy, the parent company of Florida Power & Light, strongly support it. (Though they have, conversely, contributed heavily to Republican leaders that haven’t supported it.)

Those companies and more than 450 others have created a nonprofit to advocate for the bill, arguing that anti-LGBTQ discrimination costs the state an estimated $362 million a year in lost productivity, turnover and inability or difficulty recruiting employees.

“We want to send a clear message that Florida is open for business, regardless of who you love,” said Rep. Jackie Toledo, R-Tampa, co-sponsor of the bill in the House.

The issue is not just about what’s good for businesses, according to Rep. Jennifer Webb, D-Gulfport, the other co-sponsor of the bill in the House and the first openly lesbian member of the Legislature.

“These types of bills have ripple effects,” Webb said in a statement. “LGBTQ teens are still at the highest risk for suicide. I’ve been with my partner for 17 years, and I know that we need to protect our children from struggles that we faced and continue to face today.”

Without the legislation, she said the state will fall behind in its ability to attract and keep “qualified, hardworking people.”

“The language we use as regulators and policy makers matters, and this sends a clear message of inclusion and compassion,” she said.

Last year, the bills were co-sponsored by nearly half of all lawmakers, but Republican leadership in both chambers prevented the bills from getting a hearing in any committee.

Neither House Speaker José Oliva, R-Miami Lakes, nor Gov. Ron DeSantis responded to requests for comment about where they stand on next year’s bills.

A spokeswoman for Senate President Bill Galvano, R-Bradenton, said he reviewed the bill but wouldn’t give an opinion on it.

“As you know, the President often speaks of his respect for and commitment to the committee process,” spokeswoman Katie Betta said in a statement. “For this reason, he tries to refrain from commenting on specific bills as they are moving through the process.”

Next week, the U.S. Supreme Court is set to hear arguments in three cases that deal with whether it’s legal to fire workers for their sexual orientation or gender identity.

For LGBTQ advocates, the session earlier this year seemed the most promising.

Republican Party of Florida Chairman Sen. Joe Gruters, R-Sarasota, sponsored a competing, but less-expansive, version of the Competitive Workforce Act, which did not include the protections against discrimination by landlord and businesses.

Gruters’ sponsorship marked a shift in Republican politics, and he credited President Donald Trump for allowing Republicans to embrace ideas once considered too risky.

Yet not even his bill got a hearing.

Without statewide laws, being fired for being gay or transgender remains a real fear for many Floridians.

“You can get married on a Sunday to a same-sex partner and be fired on Monday for putting a picture of your partner on your desk,” Maurer said.

Times/Herald staff writer Emily L. Mahoney contributed to this report.


  1. Senator Wilton Simpson, R- Trilby, examines papers as he enter the Florida Capitol, Wednesday, May 1, 2019 during the last week of the sixty day legislative session. SCOTT KEELER  |  Tampa Bay Times
    The man once called “the Donald Trump of regional egg farmers" is in line to become leader of Florida’s Senate in 2020
  2. In this image from a telecast by The Florida Channel, Florida education commissioner Richard Corcoran speaks to a Gainesville crowd that came to discuss revisions to the state's education standards this past week. “We’re going to end up with the world’s best standards,” Corcoran said. The Florida Channel
    The effort, ordered by Gov. Ron DeSantis, aims to transform the way students learn in public schools. A “listening session” is set for Tampa’s Jefferson High.
  3. The annual assault on Florida’s public records law begins anew today in the Legislature.
    “It’s pretty alarming what they’re doing here,” said a former Florida long-term care ombudsman who now runs an advocacy group for residents.
  4. Protestors gather in Turlington Plaza to practice the chant "No Trump, No KKK, No Fascist USA" prior to the speech of Donald Trump Jr. and Kimberly Guilfoyle at the University of Florida on October 10, 2019.  CHRIS DAY  |  Chris Day
    The president’s son was joined by former Fox News personality Kimberly Guilfoyle, his girlfriend, who serves as an adviser for Donald Trump’s 2020 reelection campaign.
  5. Republicans circle the wagons. Samantha J. Gross | Miami Herald
    Even this week’s revelations in Florida haven’t disrupted the state’s political dynamics. That means Republicans are firmly behind their leaders.
  6. Chelsea Tremblay, left, looks on while her husband Mayor Scott Tremblay is congratulated by Sherry Maklary after Pasco legislators table bill from state Rep. Amber Mariano, R-Hudson, calling for election on dissolving Port Richey at the  public hearing held at Pasco-Hernando State College in New Port Richey on Friday. OCTAVIO JONES  |  Times
    Rep. Amber Mariano’s bill requiring a public referendum on the city’s future is tabled until a legislative audit is conducted.
  7. The Pinellas County Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller will waive some late charges for residents who have had their driver's license suspended as part of Operation Green Light. Courtesy Pinellas County Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller
    Florida drivers can lose their licenses for things unrelated to their safe driving record, such as unpaid court fines and traffic fees . Operation Green Light and similar programs are trying to help...
  8. The impeachment trial against President Andrew Johnson opens in the Senate Chambers in the U.S. Senate historical Society drawing.  Johnson, who became president after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, clashed with Congress over reconstruction policies after the Civil War and was impeached over a Tenure of Office dispute.  (AP Photo/U.S. Senate Historical Society) AP
    From Andrew Johnson in the 1860s to Richard Nixon in the 1970s and Bill Clinton in the 1990s, American history is our guide.
  9. Blackwater River Correctional Facility. [Florida Department of Corrections]
    The Department of Corrections has not tracked how many inmates have required treatment as a result of overdoses during the past three years.
  10. Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., speaks as CNN moderator Chris Cuomo listens during the Power of our Pride Town Hall Thursday, Oct. 10, 2019, in Los Angeles. The LGBTQ-focused town hall featured nine 2020 Democratic presidential candidates. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez) MARCIO JOSE SANCHEZ  |  AP
    Weird lines from Joe Biden and Chris Cuomo was the talk of the night, but stances on tax-exempt status and conversion therapy were discussed throughout Tuesday’s town hall.