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Amelia Island offers an enticing mix of history, activities and beautiful views

Take a long weekend in the area to truly appreciate it.
 
Historic downtown Fernandina Beach has many shops and restaurants.
Historic downtown Fernandina Beach has many shops and restaurants. [ Ameliaisland.com ]
Published March 11, 2023

When I lived in the Tampa Bay area, I loved exploring the Gulf Coast’s barrier islands, from Caladesi to Captiva. Now that I’m in northeast Florida, I’ve discovered their Atlantic Coast counterparts. My favorite is Amelia Island, just south of the Georgia border, at the mouth of the St. Marys River.

About a morning’s drive from Tampa Bay, Amelia feels like another world entirely. Like many barrier islands, Amelia has miles of pristine beaches, luxury resorts and recreational activities, from golfing to kayaking to horseback riding on the beach. But what sets Amelia apart from others is the inescapable feeling that you’re part of history — just one more in a long line of travelers passing through this stretch of sand and oaks.

In addition to Atlantic beaches, Amelia Island has many marshes. The Amelia Island Lighthouse is pictured in the background.
In addition to Atlantic beaches, Amelia Island has many marshes. The Amelia Island Lighthouse is pictured in the background. [ Ameliaisland.com ]

First came the Timucuans, who fished Amelia’s waters more than 1,000 years ago. Then the French, Spanish, English, even a delusional Scotsman vied for control of the island with its protected, deep-water harbor. Pirates, slave ships and smugglers sailed Amelia’s coastline. Confederate, then Union soldiers stood watch during the Civil War at a brick fort on the island’s northern edge. And in the late 1800s, newly minted millionaires came by steamship to the seaport of Fernandina Beach, building elegant Victorian mansions as winter getaways.

Visitors to Fort Clinch on Amelia Island can get a taste of what life was like for soldiers during the Civil War.
Visitors to Fort Clinch on Amelia Island can get a taste of what life was like for soldiers during the Civil War. [ Ameliaisland.com ]
A shrimp boat passes by Fort Clinch, a Civil War-era fort on Amelia Island.
A shrimp boat passes by Fort Clinch, a Civil War-era fort on Amelia Island. [ Ameliaisland.com ]

Visitors can tap into a bit of this rich history by stopping at landmarks like the Palace Saloon on Centre Street in Fernandina. Just a block from the Intracoastal, the Palace is Florida’s oldest bar, serving sailors, ship captains and civilians since 1903. You can take a selfie with the life-size pirate statue at the swinging doors, then belly up to the 40-foot mahogany bar. But don’t stay too long. Amelia has too much to offer.

While in Fernandina, you can meander through a dozen or so blocks of independently owned boutiques, antique stores and art galleries. Sober up a bit with coffee from Amelia Island Coffee, get the kids some sugar down the block at Fantastic Fudge, then duck around the corner to Villa Villekulla Toy store. (If that name reminds you of Pippi Longstocking, ask the owner about the local connection.) While the small people are perusing the toys, adults can chat with local artists at the gallery upstairs.

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The Palace Saloon in Fernandina Beach is said to be Florida's oldest bar.
The Palace Saloon in Fernandina Beach is said to be Florida's oldest bar. [ Ameliaisland.com ]
Amelia Island is known for its beautiful beaches, including American Beach, a haven for African Americans during the Jim Crow era of segregation.
Amelia Island is known for its beautiful beaches, including American Beach, a haven for African Americans during the Jim Crow era of segregation. [ Ameliaisland.com ]

When hunger strikes, options abound in the historic district. On the weekend, have a fried green tomato BLT for brunch on Leddy’s Porch at the Florida House Inn. Any day of the week, pick up a fish taco at Timoti’s Seafood Shak or enjoy shrimp and grits on the patio at Cafe Karibo. For a candlelight dinner, reserve a spot at Le Clos, a 1906 cottage serving French cuisine. Or wander a few blocks north of the hubbub for Asian street food at the Wicked Bao, where the owner welcomes you like an old friend.

End your day with a ghost tour or live music on the porch at the Green Turtle Tavern. Or get cheap thrills by walking the public docks, ogling megayachts as they fuel up before heading back into the Atlantic. You can also make plans to get on the water yourself by booking a fishing or sailing charter, taking a Cumberland island tour or renting Go-Cat boats, which look like mini-catamarans.

When you’ve had enough of commerce, head east down Atlantic Avenue toward the ocean side of Amelia. If you’ve still got the history bug, stop at Fort Clinch to get a sense of what life was like for a soldier in the Civil War. Birders might catch a glimpse of roseate spoonbills nesting along nearby Egans Creek.

Follow the coast south along 13 miles of beaches, past bike paths, nature trails and dozens of golf courses. Watch for the signs for American Beach, an oceanfront haven for African Americans during the Jim Crow era of segregation. And be sure to give yourself time on the way home to stop at Kingsley Plantation, about a half-hour south of the island. The oldest standing plantation house in Florida, Kingsley was managed for years by the owner’s African-born wife, a former slave.

Shrimp boats dock at the harbor in Fernandina Beach on Amelia Island.
Shrimp boats dock at the harbor in Fernandina Beach on Amelia Island. [ Ameliaisland.com ]
Boats of all kind dock at the marina in Fernandina Beach.
Boats of all kind dock at the marina in Fernandina Beach. [ Ameliaisland.com ]

If you’re planning a trip to Amelia, make it a long weekend and treat yourself to a stay at one of the oceanside resorts, like the Ritz-Carlton Amelia or the Omni Amelia Island Resort. Or stay in the historic district in a Victorian mansion like the Williams House Bed & Breakfast.

The local tourist bureau’s website, ameliaisland.com, has links to lodging, shops and restaurants. It also has info on special events like the Amelia Concours for auto enthusiasts in March, the annual shrimp festival in May and the “Dickens on Centre” holiday fest in December. These events attract big crowds, so plan ahead to avoid disappointment.