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See historic photos from the Sunshine Skyway bridge disaster 40 years ago

On May 9, 1980, a freighter struck the bridge, killing 35 people in one of the worst disasters in Tampa Bay history.

It was 39 years ago that the storm-blinded freighter Summit Venture crashed into the support columns of the Sunshine Skyway bridge, causing a 1,200-foot span of the bridge to collapse into the bay.

At 7:33 a.m., 35 lives were lost. They died in the six cars, truck and Greyhound bus that fell 150 feet into the water below.

The Summit Venture underneath the Sunshine Skyway bridge after the crash. [ Times (1980) ]
Related: 40 years after the Skyway bridge disaster, divers can’t forget what they saw underwater

In 2000, a St. Petersburg Times article by Jean Heller described how the disaster unfolded:

“Capt. John Lerro was the harbor pilot trying to guide the freighter Summit Venture, a ship two football fields long, into the 58.4-mile channel that leads to the Port of Tampa. It is a long and treacherous channel thanks to the shallow depth of the bay and Florida’s unpredictable weather.”

The Summit Venture, with bridge debris hanging from its bow, is pictured shortly after it crashed into the Sunshine Skyway bridge. [ Times (1980) ]

The freighter was already dealing with fog when it was hit by 60 mph winds and blinding rain.

The radar went down when Lerro had to decide when to turn the Summit Venture between two of the Skyway’s main piers.

On the bridge, Lerro considered his options. Visibility was terrible. There was also a ship leaving the bay approaching. Unable to track the approaching ship Pure Oil, the pilot judged it too risky to turn out of the shipping channel — what if he turned into the path of the oncoming ship?

If he tried to bring the Summit Venture to a halt, the winds could cause the freighter to lose control and fling it into the bridge.

Richard Hornbuckle's car was inches from disaster but managed to stop on the wrecked Sunshine Skyway bridge after the freighter, Summit Venture, slammed into the bridge. [ Times (1980) ]

The best course, Lerro decided, was to get the Summit Venture safely between the bridge’s pillars. But he misjudged the winds, unaware that a squall had changed the direction of the wind, pushing the freighter out of the channel and off-course. The vessel was also empty, riding high on the waves.

A minute before impact, the skies cleared just enough for Lerro to see the Sunshine Skyway before him. Despite a flurry of last-second maneuvers, it was too late.

At 7:33 a.m., the bow of the Summit Venture struck bridge pier 2S. The pier came down, and so did Interstate 275 above it during rush hour.

Aerial of the Sunshine Skyway bridge disaster [ Times (1980) ]
A Greyhound bus is pulled from Tampa Bay after the Skyway accident. [ Times (1980) ]

Lerro radioed the Coast Guard for help:

“Get emergency . . . all the emergency equipment out to the Skyway bridge. Vessel has just hit the Skyway bridge. The Skyway bridge is down! Get all emergency equipment out to the Skyway bridge. The Skyway bridge is down. This is Mayday. Emergency situation. (Nearly screaming) Stop the traffic on that Skyway bridge!”

A state inquiry later cleared Lerro of negligence. The Coast Guard found that his decision to sail in zero visibility contributed to the crash.

Yet many factors were found to be beyond the pilot’s control: The storm that blinded the ship was not forecast; Lerro had no idea the oncoming tanker had anchored and was no longer a threat; a passing pilot never warned Lerro about the storm.

The wrecked Greyhound bus is unloaded from a barge after it was pulled from the water. [ Times (1980) ]

The new Sunshine Skyway bridge — officially the Bob Graham Sunshine Skyway bridge, named after the former governor and U.S. senator — opened on April 20, 1987.

Ships still pass beneath the bridge to enter Tampa Bay and reach Port Tampa Bay, but this Skyway is designed specifically to avoid the calamity that took place 38 years ago.

The Summit Venture later changed hands several times. It sank as the Jian Mao 9 off the coast of Vietnam in 2010.

The freighter, Summit Venture, in the aftermath of the crash with the Sunshine Skyway bridge. [ Times (1980) ]
The Summit Venture sits in the Port of Tampa with wreckage from on the bow. [ Times (1980) ]

Only one person survived the fall: Wesley MacIntire, 56. The Gulfport man’s blue Ford Courier pickup truck fell onto the ship before it entered the water, allowing him to escape his vehicle and swim to the surface.

Wesley MacIntire, the only survivor from the Sunshine Skyway bridge accident [ Times (1980) ]

In Memoriam

The 35 victims of the 1980 Sunshine Skyway Bridge Disaster:

Michael Curtin, 43, of Apollo Beach

Duane Adderly, 21, of Miami

Louis Lucas Jr., 62, of Dolomite, Ala.

Yvonne Johnson, 22, of Perrine

Manesha McGarrah, 7 months, of Tallahassee

Wanda McGarrah, 24, of Tallahassee

Sharon Dixon, 21, of Miami

Myrtle Brown, 58, of St. Johns, Newfoundland

Willis Brown, 57, of St. Johns, Newfoundland

Aubrey Hudson, 62, of St. Johns, Newfoundland

Phyllis Hudson, 58, of St. Johns, Newfoundland

John Carlson, 47, of Pinellas Park

Doris Carlson, 42, of Pinellas Park

Tawana McClendon, 20, of Palmetto

Charles Collins, 40, of Tampa

Leslie Coleman Jr., 52, of St. Petersburg

James Pryor, 42, of Seminole

John Callaway Jr., 19, of Miami

Horace Lemmons, 47, of Kings Mountain, N.C.

Gerda Hedquist, 92, of Charlotte Harbor

Louise Johnson, 59, of Cataula, Ga.

Melborne Russell, 38, of Chicago, Iill.

Robert Harding, 63, of Glens Falls, N.Y.

Alphonso Blidge, 22, of Miami

Marguerite Mathison, 82, of St. Petersburg

Sandra Davis, 34, of Boardman

Hildred Dietch, 73, of St. Petersburg

Harry Dietch, 68, of St. Petersburg

Lillian Loucks, 69, of Winnipeg, Manitoba

Ann Pondy, 57, of Winnipeg, Manitoba

Brenda Green, 19, of Miami

Delores Smith, 50, of Pennsville, N.J.

Robert Smith, 37, of Pennsville, N.J.

Laverne Daniels, 20, of Miami

Woodrow Triplett, 33, of Bainbridge, Ga.