Renting in Florida? Here’s how to avoid eviction under CDC order

The protections under the federal moratorium are not automatic.
An eviction sign is posted in St. Petersburg.  [Times (2016)]
An eviction sign is posted in St. Petersburg. [Times (2016)] [ Times (2016) ]
Published Oct. 6, 2020|Updated Jan. 4, 2021

Since Gov. Ron DeSantis allowed Florida’s state eviction and foreclosure moratorium to expire at the end of September, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s order freezing evictions is now the only policy preventing many Florida renters from losing their homes.

Related: DeSantis lets Florida’s eviction and foreclosure moratorium expire

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced the order on Sept. 1 that evictions that meet certain criteria nationwide for the rest of the year. It stated that a wave of evictions would trigger a health crisis because it would force people to move in with loved ones or into homeless shelters, allowing for increased spread of the coronavirus.

Its protections are the most sweeping federal action against evictions during the pandemic so far.

Several Florida housing lawyers have said their biggest concern is that tenants will assume that the moratorium protects them automatically — which isn’t true. Renters must fill out and submit a particular form in order to invoke the order’s protections.

Here’s how it works:

Related: CDC announces new federal eviction moratorium through end of year

Does it cancel rent?

No. The order makes clear that it does not cancel rent obligations, nor does it prohibit landlords from charging late fees or interest on unpaid rent, which means landlords can require a tenant to pay back all their missed payments once the moratorium expires.

How long is it in effect?

The order was set to remain in effect through December 31, 2020, but Congress recently extended that deadline until the end of January.

Related: Coronavirus stimulus package adds rent relief, extends eviction moratorium

However, this order is being challenged in federal court by a Virginia landlord who argues that the order was a government overreach that stripped him of his rights to access the courts. Since it was first filed, several other landlords and the National Apartment Association have also joined as plaintiffs.

Related: Landlord files lawsuit against CDC eviction moratorium

If that lawsuit is successful, it’s possible the order would lose effect earlier.

A federal judge denied the landlords’ initial request to void the order, but the plaintiffs have appealed.

I’m a renter who’s fallen behind on payments. What do I have to do to take advantage of its protections?

Each adult listed on the lease must submit a copy of a declaration form to their landlord that says, under penalty of perjury, that they fit the qualifications to be protected by the order.

These qualifications are:

  • They have “used best efforts” to obtain available government assistance for rent
  • They will either earn no more than $99,000 this year (or no more than $198,000 if filing a joint tax return), or they weren’t required to report any income to the IRS in 2019 or they received a coronavirus stimulus check
  • The renter can’t pay full rent due to a “substantial loss of household income” including loss of wages, being laid-off or “extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses,” which is defined as an unreimbursed expense that exceeds 7.5 percent of a person’s adjusted gross annual income
  • The renter is using “best efforts” to make on-time partial payments that are as close to the full payment as they can afford
  • Eviction would likely render the person homeless or force them to move into close quarters in a new shared living setting
Follow trends affecting the local economy

Follow trends affecting the local economy

Subscribe to our free Business by the Bay newsletter

We’ll break down the latest business and consumer news and insights you need to know every Wednesday.

You’re all signed up!

Want more of our free, weekly newsletters in your inbox? Let’s get started.

Explore all your options

A copy of the form can be downloaded online from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s website.

The protections do not apply to situations where the tenant has engaged in criminal activity on the premises, damaged the property, threatened the safety of other residents or violated building or health codes.

Tom DiFiore, team leader of the housing unit at Bay Area Legal Services, which offers free legal services to low-income tenants, said during a Facebook live event with Tampa Mayor Jane Castor that the order does apply in cases where renters' leases expire, including month-to-month tenants whose landlords try to evict them at the end of the month.

What if I don’t have access to a printer?

Tenants may also fill out the declaration form electronically and email it to their landlords. One online tool that may help with that is, a site created by the nonprofit Kentucky Equal Justice Center. That website also has a translation of the form into Spanish.

Do I have to submit this specific declaration form, or can I use a different one?

In its order, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that a “similar” declaration form is also allowed. However, because this is new legal territory, Natalie Maxwell, director of advocacy and litigation at Three Rivers Legal Services, which also provides free legal help to North Floridians, said it’s safest to use the official form provided by the federal government.

What if I don’t fit all the requirements?

The declaration form states that “any false or misleading statements or omissions may result in criminal and civil actions for fines, penalties, damages, or imprisonment.”

If you are unsure, you can find resources, including references for free legal advice for low-income residents, at

What happens if a landlord evicts someone after they deliver this form to them?

Anyone who violates this order is subject to criminal fines ranging up to $500,000 depending on the specifics of the case.

• • •

Tampa Bay Times coronavirus coverage

HOW CORONAVIRUS IS SPREADING IN FLORIDA: Find the latest numbers for your county, city or zip code.

FACE MASKS: Read the latest on guidelines, tips for comfort and long-term wear

GET THE DAYSTARTER MORNING UPDATE: Sign up to receive the most up-to-date information.

THE CORONAVIRUS SCRAPBOOK: We collected your stories, pictures, songs, recipes, journals and more to show what life has been like during the pandemic.

A TRIBUTE TO THE FLORIDIANS TAKEN BY THE CORONAVIRUS: They were parents and retirees, police officer and doctors, imperfect but loved deeply.

HAVE A TIP?: Send us confidential news tips

We’re working hard to bring you the latest news on the coronavirus in Florida. This effort takes a lot of resources to gather and update. If you haven’t already subscribed, please consider buying a print or digital subscription.