1. Business

Pros and cons of buying a used car

Published Oct. 20, 2013

Considering a used car? Proceed with caution by navigating through the risks and rewards of the prospective purchase. Because a used car has been driven before, it's important to do your homework before buying a particular vehicle.

Research, research, research: Decide what make, model and year of vehicle you're interested in, how much you're willing to spend and the maximum number of miles you ideally want the vehicle to have been driven.

Show me the report: If buying from a private owner, or if a dealer doesn't provide it, spend the money for a vehicle history report. A vehicle history report will give the potential buyer access to the car's history, including its most recent odometer reading and title. These reports can indicate problems with the car, including whether it's been in an accident. Sources of reports include,, and the National Insurance Crime Bureau's database.

Check other resources — including Kelley Blue Book, or — to find reliable estimates on what a vehicle might be worth.

Use all of the above information to negotiate with the seller.

How does the car perform?

• Always take a test drive to see how the car runs.

• Have it inspected by a trusted mechanic to learn if there are any problems and what its present condition is. They will inspect for any wear or defects. If you don't have a reliable mechanic, ask friends, family and neighbors for recommendations, and consult consumer reviews on trusted online sources.

• Look for drips and leaks and review any available service records to see how well the car was maintained.

• Thoroughly check the interior and exterior for wear.

Reasons to buy used

• Many used vehicles are in good shape. If you're looking for something newer, search for a certified, pre-owned vehicle that has met its manufacturer's strict guidelines. Some of these vehicles are still covered under warranty, have not been in accidents and have undergone thorough inspections.

• You'll avoid the significant depreciation that occurs as soon as a new car is driven off the lot. A car's value can depreciate by as much as 20 percent after purchase.

• A used car is typically more affordable than a new car.