Women whose husbands die should not expect to receive much sympathy from many of the nation's major auto insurers — it's more likely that widows can expect their car insurance rates to be raised, according research by the Consumer Federation.
"It surprised us especially that when a husband dies, most major auto insurers would increase the premiums for the surviving widow," said Stephen Brobeck, executive director of the Washington, D.C., consumer group. "Most of the major insurers charge all single people — whether they've never been married, separated, divorced or widowed — higher rates than those who are married.
"Insurers claim that married people are safer drivers," he said. "But there are no publicly available studies that have shown that, and we are not aware that state insurance departments have insisted that auto insurers prove there is a causal relationship."
In the 10 cities studied, including Tampa, four of six major insurers — Geico, Farmers, Progressive and Liberty — increased rates on state-mandated liability coverage for widows by an average 20 percent. A fifth insurer, Nationwide, sometimes increased rates for widows. The sixth insurer, State Farm, did not vary the rates it charged because of marital status.
Other cities studied in the survey are Baltimore; Louisville, Ky.; Chicago; Minneapolis; Houston; Denver; Oakland, Calif.; Portland, Ore.; and Phoenix.
The research used quotes from the websites of the auto insurers for the minimum liability insurance required by states. For each quote in the 10 cities, all car driver and insurance characteristics were held constant except for marital status.
The consumer federation research did not compare similar rate increases for men who lost a spouse or single men in general.
The hypothetical person that the consumer group used in its research on insurance pricing was a 30-year-old female who has been driving since age 16 with no accidents or moving violations. She has a high school diploma, works as a bank teller and drives a 2005 Honda Civic, which she owns. She also lives in a ZIP code with a $30,000 median household income and has insurance most recently purchased three years ago.
In the study, the researchers also increased the widow's age to 50 and found the price differences persisted.
"Unfortunately, it's not unusual that the insurance industry is using socioeconomic factors rather than how we drive to price auto insurance," said Robert Hunter, director of insurance for the consumer group and former insurance commissioner of Texas. "The public has indicated in surveys that rates should be based on how you drive, and we agree with that."
The organization is calling for state insurance departments to investigate the issue. It will share the findings of the study with all state insurance departments and with the Federal Insurance Office, which is considering the issue of insurance affordability.