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PolitiFact Florida: Does Florida takes billions more from Washington than it gives?

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Published May 15, 2015

The statement

"Florida sends $135 billion and D.C. returns $150 billion."

Rep. Debbie Mayfield, R-Vero Beach, May 4 on Twitter

The ruling

Florida House members left the legislative session early over health care funding, but they've kept on railing against Medicaid expansion.

Rep. Debbie Mayfield, R-Vero Beach, argued against taking federal money to expand Medi­caid, the joint state-federal health insurance program for the very poor, saying it wasn't Florida's money to take.

"FL is NOT a donor state. Get the facts on federal spending and Medicaid expansion in FL," she tweeted. The tweet included an infographic that read, "Florida sends $135 billion and D.C. returns $150 billion. It's not your hard-earned tax dollars! It's borrowed against your children's future!"

House communications director Michael Williams said the amount Florida sends comes from IRS gross tax collections in the state ($154 billion in 2014) minus average tax refunds, ending up at $135 billion.

The amount Washington sent back came from USASpending.gov, a website that tracks federal contracts, loans, grants and public assistance. The site says the federal government spent $150 billion in Florida in fiscal year 2014.

Subtract $135 billion from $150 billion, and that accounts for Florida getting $15 billion more than it puts in.

But tax policy experts told us there are different ways to calculate the numbers, so it's not as cut and dried as the House makes it out to be.

Steve Ellis, vice president of the watchdog group Taxpayers for Common Sense, said the House's methodology is generally sound, but he would suggest using actual tax refunds instead of average refunds. He said that would push Florida's payout total even lower than $135 billion.

On the spending side, National Priorities Project research director Lindsay Koshgarian points out that data from USASpending.gov does not give the most reliable picture available. Koshgarian said that among the site's issues is that it does not include all grants or federal employees and operations in state spending totals. She suggested using data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and Census Bureau would yield a more accurate total.

So federal tax totals paid out of Florida may be lower than what the House is saying, while federal spending could be even higher. But our experts said that comparison still doesn't paint a good picture of the state's nuances.

For example, Social Security and Medicare costs are disproportionately high in Florida because of the retiree population, which already paid into the system, but likely in another state. Florida has the third-largest uninsured pool in the country, with a public assistance budget to match. Also, there's a lot of that $150 billion in Washington cash that isn't as controversial in the House as Medicaid spending, like money for infrastructure or federal contracts for businesses like Lockheed Martin and Raytheon.

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"I doubt these folks are saying the state should not be taking federal highway money, just because they are taking in more than they spend," said Paul Van De Water, a senior fellow with the left-leaning Center for Budget and Policy Priorities.

Ellis added that there's one other thing to keep in mind to put Mayfield's point in context: The U.S. government is always in the red these days.

"In my opinion, no state is a donor state when you consider that the budget deficit is nearly half a trillion dollars, so no one is paying their way," he said.

We rate the statement Mostly True.

Joshua Gillin, Times staff writer

Edited for print. Read the full version at PolitiFact.com/florida.