TALLAHASSEE — Progressive Insurance is shedding roughly 56,000 policies covering Florida homes with roofs older than 15 years, putting the squeeze on homeowners who already find it difficult — and expensive — to insure their houses.
It’s the latest sign of trouble in Florida’s turbulent property insurance market.
“This is an all-hands-on-deck situation,” Sen. Jeff Brandes, R-St. Petersburg, warned fellow senators last week. “We are not far off from homeowners paying more for their insurance premium than they’re paying in the mortgage.”
Last week, Farm Bureau Insurance said it would no longer write homeowners’ policies in the state, joining at least a dozen other insurers that have recently suspended new business, limited the types of homes they cover or canceled policies outright. A handful of property insurers have already gone out of business. The ones that haven’t are requesting double-digit rate increases — last month, one requested a 111-percent increase.
Lawmakers’ solution, so far, is to target what insurers say is hammering away at their business: fraudulent roof claims. The way legislators are going about it could make it more expensive for homeowners to replace damaged roofs.
Insurers and lawmakers say roofers have been going door to door asking to go up onto homeowners’ roofs to inspect for damage. The companies then tell homeowners their insurance can replace the entire roof, and if the claim is denied, then the homeowners can litigate their claims.
Lawmakers are now considering legislation that could eliminate the incentive to replace the entire roof.
Currently, insurers must offer policies that cover the replacement cost of a roof. Senate Bill 1728 would allow insurers to offer policies that would only pay the depreciated value of the roof, or an “actual cash value” — amounts that would almost certainly leave homeowners footing much of the bill.
The companies could still offer policies that cover the replacement value — which is often required by the banks that hold the mortgage loan — albeit at a higher price.
The bill would have a few exceptions. Regardless of policy, the insurer would still have to cover the replacement of the roof if it’s less than 10 years old, if the home is declared a total loss or if the roof is damaged from a National Hurricane Center-named hurricane.
Insurers, including Progressive, publicly support the idea. Sen. Jim Boyd, the bill sponsor, said more and more Florida homeowners have been treating their homeowners’ policies like a warranty, rather than something that’s used after a disaster. He said that’s a mentality that has to change.
“After 15, 20, 25 years, most people have to replace their roof, and that’s something that’s sadly a cost of homeownership,” Boyd, R-Bradenton, said last week.
But some lawmakers noted that the policy could disproportionately affect the owners of older homes.
“I do believe that the victim here is the homeowner,” said Sen. Darryl Rouson, D-St. Petersburg. “They’re caught in between a battle between an insurer who does not want to pay full replacement cost on a home that may need it and unscrupulous roofers.”
Progressive is one of a number of companies that in recent years have refused to insure homes with older roofs. Boyd, who owns an insurance agency, said he’s seen some carriers refuse to take on policies on homes with roofs older than five years.
A Progressive spokesperson said the company is not renewing the 56,000 policies because they “do not comply with our underwriting guidelines, and losses that are having a disproportionate impact on our loss ratios.”
Filings show the company’s guidelines changed last year, from requiring composition shingle roofs be 15 years or newer to now requiring all roofs be 15 years or newer.
“While we know this is not welcome news for those that are affected,” spokesperson Jeff Sibel wrote in a statement, “we are committed to doing business in the state and are taking this unavoidable action now to ensure we can continue to offer home policies in Florida.”
A spokesperson for the state’s Office of Insurance Regulation encouraged affected customers to shop around and use its online comparison tool.
The spokesperson did not say whether the state agency supports the legislation.
While insurers have complained about a sharp rise in litigated claims, and lawmakers have followed suit by adopting laws to stop those lawsuits in recent years, it hasn’t stemmed a rapid rise in property insurance rates.
Lawmakers last year passed a law prohibiting roofers from soliciting homeowners to file roof damage claims through a “prohibited advertisement,” such as emails, door hangers, flyers and pamphlets. But a federal judge temporarily blocked the state from enforcing the statute last year, and the case has yet to go to trial. (To get around the judge’s concerns, Senate Bill 1728 would require contractors to instead include disclaimers in their advertisements.)
Allowing that provision to be enforced would go a long way to stopping fraud, said Nancy Dominguez, managing director of the Florida Association of Public Insurance Adjusters, which represents adjusters who work with consumers in insurance claim cases.
Dominguez said her organization is not opposed to the legislation, but they’re worried that lawmakers’ solutions are essentially requiring homeowners to pay more for worse coverage.
“We just don’t want to see policyholders carry the entire burden of this situation,” Dominguez said.
The state’s property insurance crisis has several causes. The Office of Insurance Regulation has cited companies’ underwriting practices along with factors such as excessive litigation and door-to-door solicitation.
The Department of Financial Services said it has deployed two squads to Tampa and Orlando to investigate property insurance fraud and received more than 2,600 consumer complaints since July.
The real financial state of many property insurers is also not clear. Florida-based insurers are allowed to divert revenue to side businesses. Doing so often takes away money that would pay for claims and makes insurers’ financial positions appear weaker. Last year’s legislation allowed the Office of Insurance Regulation to request more data on those side businesses.
Brandes, who has been warning about the state’s insurance crisis for years, said this year’s ideas are “not enough” to save homeowners or the industry. He’s proposed tapping into the state’s $15 billion hurricane catastrophe fund to cover a larger portion of storm-related losses — an idea that the Florida Chamber of Commerce has adamantly opposed.
He also said Gov. Ron DeSantis needs to “get engaged” on the topic “on a level that he has, to date, not been engaged at.”
DeSantis spokesperson Christina Pushaw said the governor “recognizes we need to continue to reduce cost burdens on Florida families” and is following the proposed legislation.
“Floridians will be priced out of their homes,” Brandes said. “Poor individuals will be forced to put roofs on that they can’t afford to put on.”
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