States across the U.S. have scrambled to punish Russia financially over its invasion of Ukraine by drawing down investments into Russia-backed entities.
In Florida, there’s been a lot of talk about state investments with Russian ties — but so far, no action.
The state’s retirement system, which is the fourth-largest in the nation, has more than $195 billion in assets. Before the invasion, Florida’s retirement system held investments in Russian-based entities that were valued at around $300 million, or about 0.15 percent of all assets.
Under pressure to redirect those assets, Gov. Ron DeSantis — who pushed for the state to divest from companies that boycotted Israel in the past — has said the Legislature should make the call.
“We’re going to look at that from a statutory perspective, because I think that’s the cleanest way to do it,” DeSantis said at a March 29 Cabinet meeting. “Because once that’s there, you’ve got to operate within the confines of the law.”
That reticence led his Democratic opponents for reelection to call him soft on Russia, saying DeSantis has more sway over Florida’s investment strategy than he lets on.
“Reminder: Ron DeSantis is choosing to keep $300,000,000 of Florida’s pension invested in Russia, hoping the country rebounds,” Agriculture Commissioner Nikki Fried tweeted March 30. “He’s betting our pension on Russia.”
PolitiFact decided to find out what could be done to withdraw Florida’s investment in Russia-backed entities.
We learned that the process by which Florida could begin to divest state funds from Russian-based entities is more complex than Fried presented. But there is more DeSantis could do to signal the state’s intentions.
Could Florida divest the millions it holds in Russian investments?
The assets held by Florida’s retirement system are managed by the State Board of Administration, or SBA.
The board is governed by three trustees: DeSantis, Chief Financial Officer Jimmy Patronis and Attorney General Ashley Moody. While Fried holds a statewide position and is a member of the Cabinet, she is not a trustee.
In a March 29 Florida Cabinet meeting, the four state officials heard from State Board of Administration interim executive director Lamar Taylor, who addressed the board’s review of Florida’s holdings in countries with emerging markets, like Russia.
The state’s holdings in Russian-based investments include Sberbank of Russia, the country’s largest lender; Rosneft, the Russian energy giant and the country’s third-largest company; and Magnit, one of Russia’s top grocery chains, among others.
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Taylor explained that the board would continue to assess the situation in Ukraine, but if Florida were “forced to divest” immediately from Russian-based entities, it wouldn’t be in the “best economic interests” of the pension plan.
DeSantis responded that it would “violate your fiduciary duty if you liquidated at massive losses for political reasons rather than for the best interests of the beneficiaries.”
Taylor agreed with DeSantis’ characterization.
Kent Perez, deputy executive director of the State Board of Administration, told PolitiFact that the value of Florida’s assets in Russian-based entities has “significantly declined” since it was assessed at $300 million on the Jan. 31 assessment, though he wouldn’t say by how much.
“The issue is mainly one of timing,” said Jay Ritter, finance professor at the University of Florida. “Institutions know that if they rush to sell, the average price will not be as attractive as when they are more patient.”
Further complicating Florida’s ability to divest the assets in Russia-based entities is that the country’s stock market is closed to foreign investors. Whether it wanted to or not, the board said it simply couldn’t divest the assets until the market reopens.
What it could do, Ritter said, is commit to divesting the assets and develop a timeframe to do so.
In New York, for example, the state comptroller announced that the public pension fund’s holdings in Russian-based entities, which totaled $110 million, would be divested in a “prudent manner and time frame.”
Fried pressed Taylor for an update on the value of Florida’s assets in Russian-based entities — which he said he couldn’t provide. Then DeSantis noted that there is interest in the Legislature to write a law allowing Florida to divest from countries that “are hostile to American interests.”
What impact would divesting have on Florida’s retirement system?
When we asked experts about the state’s “fiduciary duty,” they said the effect of divesting Russian investments would not be that significant. The share of Russian assets compared with the rest of the retirement fund’s portfolio is very small.
“That percentage of the portfolio relative to the other gains and losses that occur in a portfolio would simply be negligible,” said Keith Brainard, research director for the National Association of State Retirement Administrators. “It’s too small a portion of the portfolio to have a material notice.”
Brainard told PolitiFact that other states have Russian exposure in their retirement systems that are comparable to Florida’s.
Virginia Gov. Glenn Youngkin — a Republican — urged the state’s retirement system, which had around $100 million in investments, or 0.1 percent, linked to Russia, to sever economic ties to the country in an “orderly fashion.”
Additionally, Florida could decide to divest in a timeline that would mitigate the risk of selling back assets at prices well below the original purchase price.
What have other states done?
The debate in Florida is part of a broader push to build upon the punitive measures imposed on Russia by the federal government. Republican governors in Ohio and Iowa, for example, ordered that Russian-made products, such as vodka, be removed from stores.
More than 20 states have issued orders to either divest assets in Russian-based entities, or examine and terminate state contracts with Russian companies.
In California, the state Legislature introduced a bill that would require California Public Employees’ Retirement System and California State Teachers’ Retirement System — the two largest pension funds in the U.S. — to divest from Russian-related assets.
The funds collectively hold about $1.5 billion in such assets, according to Forbes.
Washington Gov. Jay Inslee issued an executive order requiring the review and divestment of “any commercial or other contracts, investments, and relationships between” the state and Russian entities.
Then there’s Florida. A week after the war started, Florida Rep. Andrew Learned, D-Brandon, introduced an amendment to another bill that would bar the State Board of Administration from investing the system’s assets in any company that does business with the Russian government.
The amendment was ruled out of order, and then the GOP House majority blocked Learned’s motion to waive the rules. The regular session ended, and so far there has been no indication that the special session set for April 19 will include issues beyond redistricting.
Still, Learned told PolitiFact that he hopes legislators will follow DeSantis’ suggestion and disentangle the state’s economic ties to Russia.
“This special session is an opportunity to divest Florida’s Retirement System’s investments in Russia and hold Putin accountable for his war crimes in Ukraine,” Learned said.