Florida lawmakers consider ‘classical and Christian’ exam alternative to SAT

The proposed alternatives are part of a 110-page grab bag of education legislation.
Florida is considering a “classical and Christian” exam called the Classic Learning Test as an alternative to the SAT.
Florida is considering a “classical and Christian” exam called the Classic Learning Test as an alternative to the SAT.
Published April 25|Updated April 26

TALLAHASSEE — In February, when Gov. Ron DeSantis went after the College Board’s new Advanced Placement course on African American studies, he hinted that Florida might do without the organization’s courses and tests.

Two months later, Republican state lawmakers are preparing to head in that direction.

Using their budget proposal and a bill (HB 1537) that’s viewed as the Florida Department of Education’s legislation, the House and Senate are looking to pivot from the College Board’s Advanced Placement courses and SAT exam to other alternatives.

For the SAT, the state is considering a “classical and Christian” exam alternative called Classic Learning Test. It would be used as an optional graduation test requirement and to determine Bright Futures scholarship eligibility, as well as a college entrance exam at Florida’s public colleges and universities. Schools would have the option to administer the SAT, ACT or Classic Learning Test starting next school year.

For AP, the chambers have agreed to spend millions creating Florida-based alternative courses and tests, asking state universities and colleges to help establish the materials. A third-party organization would help create the exams.

The changes would be implemented as soon as the Florida Department of Education can get them done, said Senate Education and Higher Education Appropriations Chairman Keith Perry. He added that he hopes it will be done as early as the next school year.

When asked if the test would be designed to be tougher than the SAT, Perry said it would be “equal” but in “a different model.”

House Education Committee Chairperson Ralph Massullo, a Lecanto Republican, said the initiatives would fit into the Legislature’s larger effort to provide students with more school choices while also improving the education environment. He pointed to other bills that aim to focus reading instruction on phonics and remove social media distractions from classrooms as examples.

“We’re doing things at the front end as well as at the back end,” Massullo said, predicting ultimate success for the concept, if not in HB 1537 then attached to some other legislation. “It’s the Department of Education package. I think you’re going to see it.”

The House unanimously passed HB 1537, which also includes several other education proposals, on Wednesday. It next heads to the Senate for consideration.

DeSantis versus the College Board

Politically, it would serve DeSantis, who earlier this year feuded with the College Board over content objections to an Advanced Placement African American Studies pilot program. DeSantis said Florida would not allow the course to be offered in its high schools because it was not “historically accurate.”

The College Board was later accused of omitting key concepts from its course and caving to the governor’s political pressure. On Monday night, the organization announced it would revise its course again.

DeSantis, who is expected to announce a run for president after the legislative session ends, targeted the College Board as part of his aggressive push to reshape Florida’s education system. The governor has focused on eradicating what he calls a “woke ideology” and “indoctrination” in K-12 schools and higher education institutions.

Get insights into Florida politics

Get insights into Florida politics

Subscribe to our free Buzz newsletter

We’ll send you a rundown on local, state and national politics coverage every Thursday.

You’re all signed up!

Want more of our free, weekly newsletters in your inbox? Let’s get started.

Explore all your options

The players involved in promoting the Classic Learning Test have advocated for similar ideas.

Jeremy Tate, the founder of the company, has said the test is meant to be an alternative to the SAT, which he says has become “increasingly ideological” in part because it has “censored the entire Christian-Catholic intellectual tradition” and other “thinkers in the history of Western thought.”

In March, the Classic Learning Test hosted the Florida Classical Education Summit at Palm Beach Atlantic University in West Palm Beach.

Representatives from Hillsdale College, a politically influential private Christian college in southern Michigan; Ave Maria University, a Catholic university in Florida; and Erika Donalds, an avid school choice proponent and founder of Optima Foundation, a network of classical charter schools in Florida, among others, spoke about the growth of classical education, the reasons parents opt for such curriculum and the potential future of it.

During a panel discussion called “K-12 to Higher Education: Taking the Classical Road to Success,” Adam Kinnick, associate vice president of enrollment at Ave Maria University, hinted at the possibility of the Bright Futures scholarship expanding to include the Classic Learning Test when asked how universities like his speak to parents about the value of AP classes and subsequent college credits.

“I don’t want to encourage students to test out of an experience at our school. I’m not terribly interested in [students] getting a 5 on the standardized assessment from AP.” Still, he couldn’t “in good conscience” tell Floridians to take the Classic Learning Test instead of the SAT or the ACT. If they did, he said, they could be “potentially leaving money on the table.”

“That’s about to change,” he said. “That’s about to change as well.”

A ‘classical and Christian’ testing option

Top deputies at the state Department of Education, which is part of the DeSantis administration, have also backed the testing alternative.

In February, Senior Chancellor Henry Mack, who is being considered for president of Florida Gulf Coast University, amplified a tweet by Chad Pecknold, a Classic Learning Test board member, that said people seeking a testing option focused on the “great classical and Christian tradition” should go with the CLT option.

A few days later, Mack tweeted direct support for the test.

“Looking forward to when my kids — and all of Florida’s public school kids — will sit for the @CLT_Exam!” Mack posted on Twitter on Feb. 28 as he praised the classical education model, which he said “grounds students in the history & philosophy of the West.”

Some classical charter schools already offer the Classic Learning Test to high school students, and 11 private universities in the state accept the test for admissions. Most of the private universities are Christian.

Tate, the head of the testing company, in February met with Ray Rodrigues, the state university system’s chancellor, and legislators to see if the state can more broadly offer the Classic Learning Test to college-bound Florida high school students.

The proposed alternatives are part of a 110-page grab bag of legislation that includes a variety of proposals aimed at garnering support from across the broad political spectrum. Among the other provisions within the bill are a year-round education pilot program, requirements to teach Asian American history and extending temporary teacher certification to five years.

If the bill is approved by both chambers and signed by DeSantis, legislative budget negotiators have included nearly $4 million in their budget request to make it all happen.

Lawmakers are setting aside $2.5 million to have the state develop advanced-level courses for high school students, and $1 million to develop the alternative assessment.

The House policy proposal would make the Classic Learning Test an option to qualify for the taxpayer-funded Bright Futures Scholarship program, which rewards Florida high school students based on academic achievement. School districts would be able to make the Classic Learning Test available for free to 11th graders once a year, along with the SAT and ACT.

“We want to have multiple options for students,” House Speaker Paul Renner said about the proposal.

Miami Herald reporter Sommer Brugal contributed to this report.

This story was updated on Wednesday, April 26 to reflect the latest updates with the legislation.

Clarification: This story was updated on Wednesday, April 26, to clarify Senior Chancellor Henry Mack’s support for and comments about the Classic Learning Test.

• • •

Tampa Bay Times Florida Legislature coverage

Sign up for our newsletter: Get Capitol Buzz, a special bonus edition of The Buzz with Emily L. Mahoney, each Saturday while the Legislature is meeting.

Watch the Florida Legislature live: The Florida Channel, a public affairs programming service funded by the Legislature, livestreams coverage at Its video library also archives coverage for later viewing.

We’re working hard to bring you the latest news from the state’s legislative session. This effort takes a lot of resources to gather and update. If you haven’t already subscribed, please consider buying a print or digital subscription.