TALLAHASSEE — More school vouchers. Expanded restrictions on teaching about sexual orientation and gender identity. Limits on using TikTok. Carrying guns without concealed weapons licenses. A larger Florida State Guard.
More than 200 laws passed during the 2023 legislative session, including a record $116.5 billion budget, will take effect Saturday.
Gov. Ron DeSantis has signed nearly 300 bills that the Republican-controlled Legislature passed during the session. About one-third went into effect immediately or will hit the books in October or January.
Here are some of the laws that will take effect Saturday:
HB 5, eliminating Enterprise Florida, the state’s business-recruitment agency. Contracts and programs will be shifted to the Department of Economic Opportunity, which will be renamed the Department of Commerce.
SB 102, making changes to try to expand affordable housing, including boosting funding for housing and rental programs, providing incentives for investment and encouraging mixed-use developments in struggling commercial areas.
SB 106, designating $200 million to help link hiking and biking trails, which are part of the Shared-Use Nonmotorized Trail Network, to a statewide wildlife corridor.
SB 214, preventing credit card companies from tracking firearm and ammunition sales through a separate “merchant category code” at gun businesses.
HB 225, allowing “opening remarks” of up to two minutes on public-address systems before high-school championship events. The change came amid a legal battle about whether a Christian school should have been able to offer a prayer over the loudspeaker before a championship football game.
SB 240, offering tax breaks for businesses that employ apprentices or pre-apprentices.
SB 262, placing restrictions on large online companies about collecting and using consumers’ personal data.
HB 379, prohibiting the use of the social-media platform TikTok on devices owned by school districts and through internet access provided by districts. TikTok has been controversial because of its Chinese ownership.
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HB 389, allowing school districts to provide free menstrual hygiene products in schools.
HB 411, changing residency requirements for county school board members. The bill will require board members to reside in the districts they represent by the date they take office, rather than at the time they qualify to run.
HB 637, barring automakers from offering direct-to-consumer or online sales if their vehicles are currently sold through dealerships in the state.
SB 766, allowing school districts to use cameras designed to capture images of drivers who illegally pass school buses.
SB 846, banning state colleges and universities and employees from accepting gifts from “foreign countries of concern” — China, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Russia, Syria and Venezuela.
HB 931, prohibiting colleges and universities from using “political loyalty” tests in hiring, admissions or promotions.
HB 1035, spelling out various rights of teachers, including a right to “control and discipline” students and to challenge certain directives from school districts they believe violate state law or State Board of Education rules.
HB 1069, expanding to eighth grade a 2022 law that barred instruction about sexual orientation and gender identity in kindergarten through third grade.
HB 1259, requiring school districts to share portions of local property tax revenues with charter schools.
SB 1318, extending liability protections for aerospace companies if crew members are injured or killed in spaceflights.
HB 1379, directing $100 million a year from real estate taxes to the Florida Forever land acquisition program and requiring a plan on how to improve water quality in the Indian River Lagoon watershed.
SB 1604, nullifying agreements reached by Disney and the former Reedy Creek Improvement District board. The Reedy Creek board has been replaced by a DeSantis-appointed Central Florida Tourism Oversight District board.
SB 1718, toughening penalties on people who bring immigrants who are in the country illegally into Florida, requiring hospitals to submit data about whether patients are in the country legally and providing $12 million for a program that allows Florida to transport migrants to other parts of the country.
HB 7063, providing a wide range of tax breaks, including holding a series of sales tax “holidays” and creating sales tax exemptions on diapers. It also will reduce a commercial lease tax starting in December.
SB 7064, increasing penalties for adult entertainment businesses that do not verify the ages and identities of workers. The bill is designed to help curb human trafficking.
By Jim Turner, News Service of Florida