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Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis has not issued an order yet. “I want to do things that will be followed and be effective,” he said Friday evening.
Here’s what could be coming our way, with California’s new rules as our reference. We’re waiting to hear more from local leaders.
Is Florida requiring shelter in place?
As of the afternoon of March 23, not yet. That said, last week brought a statewide tightening of activities. Gyms had to close, and restaurants had to limit service to takeout and delivery.
We know some local authorities, such as Pinellas County leaders, are weighing this option, but they said it was premature to discuss what it might look like here.
“We are recommending people to stay at home now if at all possible,” said Josh Boatwright, a spokesman for Pinellas County.
What does shelter in place mean?
Stay at home. Don’t leave unless you have to. No gatherings.
California released a list of approved activities, “essential business” and travel, but those are to be kept to a minimum. Florida would likely do the same.
What does that mean compared to social distancing?
It’s stricter. The practice of social distancing (staying 6 feet away from people not in your household) remains key to slowing the rate of infections and reducing the burden on the health care system. This is a way of enforcing residents to stay home and reduce contact.
What else do we know about California’s rules?
Here’s what’s open in California, per the state’s coronavirus site:
- Gas stations
- Grocery stores, farmer’s markets, food banks, convenience stores, take-out and delivery restaurants
- Essential government functions, such as law enforcement and government services
- Dine-in restaurants
- Bars and nightclubs
- Entertainment venues
- Gyms and fitness studios
- Public events and gatherings
- Convention centers
What does that mean for my day-to-day life?
According to California’s guidelines:
- If you work at an essential business (mostly in health, food, government, supplies and media), you can keep going.
- Non-essential businesses can do “minimum basic operations,” to keep the companies afloat (Employees can continue to work remotely).
- Mail and deliveries will keep coming. Drugstores and medical supply stores will stay open, but try to arrange for mail-order.
- Media outlets will keep bringing you news.
- Visitations to loved ones in medical or care facilities are not allowed, unless essential.
- No visiting friends or family unless you have an urgent need or are performing an essential activity. If you are providing care, be exceedingly cautious.
- Don’t hoard groceries. Buy on your usual schedule.
- Places that provide free or reduced-priced food, such as soup kitchens and food banks, are being encouraged to offer take-away food.
- No church.
- Avoid playgrounds.
- You can walk the dog and go out for a jog or bike ride in the park, but keep your distance. (Though the order says no non-essential travel by foot or bike, exercise is OK if you follow social distancing.)
- Try to postpone non-essential medical care like teeth cleaning and eye exams.
- Court-ordered travel, such as a visit with children, is OK. So is travel by law enforcement.
- Keep washing your hands. Disinfect surfaces. If you or a family member is sick, call a doctor, a nurse hotline or urgent care center. Stay away from the emergency room unless you are having an actual emergency.
Really, most of this won’t come as a major adjustment to people who have been practicing social distancing.
When does it end?
There is no end date in California yet.
What if you don’t follow the rules?
It’s a misdemeanor.
Can they do that?
It’s been established that state and local governments have some quarantine authority, said Lindsay Wiley, a professor at American University Washington College of Law, where she specializes in public health law and ethics. But the U.S. Supreme Court has never articulated the scope of state and local governments’ powers in these situations.
That may be because modern courts haven’t had to deal with issues like the ones posed by coronavirus. Local and state governments have used shelter-in-place or stay-at-home orders in limited-duration emergencies, such as hurricanes or other natural disasters, Wiley said. But it’s been a long time since Americans faced a shelter-in-place order that could last weeks or months.
In modern American history, she said, "these orders are definitely without precedent. You have to look back to more than 100 years ago to a time period when cities were dealing with periodic outbreaks of bubonic plague or cholera to find anything similar.”
Applying those rules to businesses and events mirrors other local law, Wiley said — shutting down an event that violates quarantine orders is similar to a fire marshal stopping an overcrowded event. It’s trickier with individuals. From what she’s heard from states with shelter-in-place orders in effect, law enforcement officers are trying to educate violators on their errors first rather than arrest or cite them.
She expects that some people will sue, citing freedom of movement, if they’re told to stay at home for a long time. But she said courts could allow the orders to stand as long as public officials show that they’re working toward public health measures that would allow them to narrow the scope of the quarantine.
“It’s important to understand that our constitutionally protected civil liberties are not all or nothing — they’re not absolute," she said. “The courts balance our rights against pressing collective needs.”
I’m selling my house and/or moving. Am I out of luck?
It depends on how the order is worded. Illinois’s list of essential businesses includes real estate, appraisal and title services, and Ohio’s includes similar language. Ohio’s list also includes “moving and relocation services.” California’s list doesn’t explicitly include those businesses, but it does allow for some financial services to remain open.
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